We have previously reported the presence of two Ca2+ influx components with relatively high (KCa= 152 ± 79 μm) and low (KCa= 2.4 ± 0.9 mm) affinities for Ca2+ in internal Ca2+ pool-depleted rat parotid acinar cells [Chauthaiwale et al. (1996) Pfluegers Arch. 432:105–111]. We have also reported the presence of a high affinity Ca2+ influx component with KCa= 279 ± 43 μm in rat parotid gland basolateral plasma membrane vesicles (BLMV). [Lockwich, Kim & Ambudkar (1994) J. Membrane Biol. 141:289–296]. The present studies show that a low affinity Ca2+ influx component is also present in BLMV with KCa= 2.3 ± 0.41 mm (Vmax= 16.36 ± 4.11 nmoles of Ca2+/mg protein/min). Our data demonstrate that this low affinity component is similar to the low affinity Ca2+ influx component that is activated by internal Ca2+ store depletion in dispersed parotid gland acini by the following criteria: (i) similar KCa for calcium flux, (ii) similar IC50 for inhibition by Ni2+ and Zn2+; (iii) increase in KCa at high external K+, (iv) similar effects of external pH. The high affinity Ca2+ influx in cells is different from the low affinity Ca2+ influx component cells in its sensitivity to pH, KCl, Zn2+ and Ni2+. The low and high affinity Ca2+ influx components in BLMV can also be distinguished from each other based on the effects of Zn2+, Ni2+, KCl, and dicyclohexylcarbodiimide. In aggregate, these data demonstrate the presence of a low affinity passive Ca2+ influx pathway in BLMV which displays characteristics similar to the low affinity Ca2+ influx component detected in parotid acinar cells following internal Ca2+ store depletion.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 15, 1998
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