A total of 1,797 fecal specimens from infants and children with acute gastroenteritis in Japan from July 2000 to June 2003 were tested for group A rotavirus by ELISA, RT-PCR, RNA-PAGE and latex agglutination methods. Of these, 439 were found to be positive for group A rotavirus and this presented 24.4%. In 2000–2001, G1 was the most prevalent (45.5%) followed by G2 (32.5%), G3 (12.3%), G9 (5.9%) and G4 (2.6%). However, G2 was found predominant with 40% in the following year (2001–2002). Interestingly, G9 had a rapid increase of infection up to 17.8%. In 2002–2003, G3 dominated over other G-types with 34%. Another interesting feature of the study was the demonstration of great genetic diversity among G9 strains in Japan. Worth of note was the first prevalence pattern of rotavirus G-types with an increase of G2, G3 as well as G9 and a decrease of G1 during the 20 year-survey of rotavirus infection in Japan.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 1, 2006
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