Changes of Plasma Membrane Properties in a Human Pre-T Cell Line Undergoing Apoptosis

Changes of Plasma Membrane Properties in a Human Pre-T Cell Line Undergoing Apoptosis A variety of cellular functions are modulated by the physical properties of the cell membrane, and the modification of intracellular transfer, resulting from loss of membrane integrity, may contribute toward setting the cell onto the pathway of apoptosis. Apoptosis in lymphoid cells can be induced in different ways and biochemical modifications occur at an early phase of cell death, while the morphological features of apoptosis are evident later. We previously reported that DMSO is an efficient apoptosis-inducing factor in the human RPMI-8402 pre-T cell line. The aim of the present study was to verify the effect of DMSO on the plasma membrane fluidity, the intracellular calcium concentration and the phosphodiesterase activity in DMSO-induced apoptosis. Our results show a modification of membrane fluidity associated with an increase of intracellular Ca2+ concentration. Moreover, we demonstrate that these modifications are related to a decrease in the phosphodiesterase (PDE) activity. The correlation between the proceedings of added DMSO and the induction of apoptosis will provide significant information regarding the first part of the apoptotic process. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Changes of Plasma Membrane Properties in a Human Pre-T Cell Line Undergoing Apoptosis

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-005-0748-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A variety of cellular functions are modulated by the physical properties of the cell membrane, and the modification of intracellular transfer, resulting from loss of membrane integrity, may contribute toward setting the cell onto the pathway of apoptosis. Apoptosis in lymphoid cells can be induced in different ways and biochemical modifications occur at an early phase of cell death, while the morphological features of apoptosis are evident later. We previously reported that DMSO is an efficient apoptosis-inducing factor in the human RPMI-8402 pre-T cell line. The aim of the present study was to verify the effect of DMSO on the plasma membrane fluidity, the intracellular calcium concentration and the phosphodiesterase activity in DMSO-induced apoptosis. Our results show a modification of membrane fluidity associated with an increase of intracellular Ca2+ concentration. Moreover, we demonstrate that these modifications are related to a decrease in the phosphodiesterase (PDE) activity. The correlation between the proceedings of added DMSO and the induction of apoptosis will provide significant information regarding the first part of the apoptotic process.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 1, 2005

References

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