Changes in the photosynthetic apparatus during fusarium wilt of tomato

Changes in the photosynthetic apparatus during fusarium wilt of tomato Development of fusarium wilt was studied in 4-to 6-month-old tomato plants (Lycopersicon esculentum L., cv. Kunera). It was shown that the development of this disease could follow two patterns. When the wilt developed slowly (type I disease), the mycelium of Fusarium oxysporum fungus partly blocked the xylem and grew extensively within parenchyma. When the wilt developed fast (type II syndrome), the occlusion of both xylem and phloem was observed; the xylem sap circulation was suppressed and, consequently, tomato plant tissues were dehydrated. The development of type I and type II diseases led to suppression of photosynthetic activity in plants. In the case of slow wilt (type I), both light and dark stages of photosynthesis were damaged. This was evident from the decrease in the effectiveness of light harvesting and charge separations in the reaction centers of photosystem II (PSII), suppression of electron transport at the acceptor side of PSII, and the decrease in activity of Rubisco. In the case of fast wilt (type II), the Rubisco activity did not change, and photochemical activity of chloroplasts was suppressed to a smaller degree than during type I fusarium wilt. The decrease in the rate of linear electron transport in tomato leaves was mostly due to inhibition of electron flow at the acceptor side of PSII. The data obtained suggest that photosynthetic activity in tomato plants is suppressed by different mechanisms depending on the developmental pattern of fusarium wilt. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Changes in the photosynthetic apparatus during fusarium wilt of tomato

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/changes-in-the-photosynthetic-apparatus-during-fusarium-wilt-of-tomato-pwgWNq4S8R
Publisher
Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Plant Physiology
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443706010031
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial