A lichen Peltigera aphthosa (L.) Willd. was subjected to a short-term (7 days) or a long-term (180 and 540 days) dehydration followed by rehydration. Then the composition and content of lipids, as well as the rate of their metabolism (the rate of sodium 2-14C-acetate incorporation) were investigated. The long-term dehydration resulted in a dramatic decrease in the content (per dry wt) of major extrachloroplastic phospholipids, mainly phosphatidylcholines and phosphatidylethanolamines. The rehydration of lichen thalli after a short-term and long-term dehydration also resulted in an enhanced breakdown of these lipid molecules; however, it was accompanied by their rather intense in vivo synthesis, which was decreased after long-term dehydration. In contrast to phospholipids, the betaine lipids, diacylglyceroltrimethylhomoserines (DGTSs), were involved in metabolic processes to a far lesser extent. In the course of rehydration, their content was virtually unchanged and decreased only after 540 days of dehydration. The rate of incorporation of sodium 2-14C-acetate into the DGTS molecules was moderate and did not change even after long-term dehydration. Glycolipids were characterized by a fair tolerance to hydrolytic processes and by an increase in the rate of their synthesis after 540 days of the lichen dehydration. Responses of neutral lipids to dehydration turned out to be different. The long-term dehydration (for 540 days) was accompanied by a decrease in the contents of free sterols and sterol esters, whereas the contents of di- and triacylglycerols remained unchanged. Rehydration resulted in a decrease in diacylglycerol and sterol ester contents. All neutral lipids were characterized by a dramatic decrease in the rate of de novo synthesis after long-term dehydration. It was suggested that the tolerance of lichen to long-term dehydration was appreciably determined by the tolerance of its phycobiont, in this case, a green alga Coccomyxa sp.; the bulk of its lipids was characterized by a minimum rate of breakdown and, at the same time, by a stable synthesis.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 19, 2005
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