Time-course of ABA, cytokinins, monosaccharides (MS), and water-soluble polysaccharides (WSP) contents were followed during cold dormancy period in the bulbs of tulip (Tulipa bifloriformis Vved.) that stayed over winter in the open ground or were cold-forced into bloom in a greenhouse. In both cases, the level of monosaccharides and water-soluble polysaccharides in the storage scale tissues increased, whereas the MS/WSP ratio in the bulbs planted in the open remained essentially the same and in case of forcing treatment decreased almost fivefold. In the apical bud tissues, the level of monosaccharides also rose in both cases, but the MS/WSP ratio in the open was greater throughout the whole experiment. The level of cytokinins in the apical bud tissues in the open was higher than in the forcing case, although the changes in their total content were identical following both treatments. Following the forcing treatment, the contents of free and bound ABA in the apical bud tissues increased reaching their peaks by the end of cold period. In the open, there were two peaks of free ABA: in October (when early frosts occurred) and in March (at the end of the wintering period). The winter forcing treatment resulted in rapid depletion of energy and plastic resources in T. bifloriformis and the death of 20% of embryonic flower buds (in the open, all flower buds survived). Nevertheless, plant adaptation potential ensured the development of generative shoots with 4–5 normal flowers, which makes it possible to use this species of multiflorous tulip for winter forcing in a greenhouse.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: May 10, 2009
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