Changes in the carbohydrate and hormonal status in Tulipa bifloriformis bulbs forced into bloom in a greenhouse and in the open ground

Changes in the carbohydrate and hormonal status in Tulipa bifloriformis bulbs forced into bloom... Time-course of ABA, cytokinins, monosaccharides (MS), and water-soluble polysaccharides (WSP) contents were followed during cold dormancy period in the bulbs of tulip (Tulipa bifloriformis Vved.) that stayed over winter in the open ground or were cold-forced into bloom in a greenhouse. In both cases, the level of monosaccharides and water-soluble polysaccharides in the storage scale tissues increased, whereas the MS/WSP ratio in the bulbs planted in the open remained essentially the same and in case of forcing treatment decreased almost fivefold. In the apical bud tissues, the level of monosaccharides also rose in both cases, but the MS/WSP ratio in the open was greater throughout the whole experiment. The level of cytokinins in the apical bud tissues in the open was higher than in the forcing case, although the changes in their total content were identical following both treatments. Following the forcing treatment, the contents of free and bound ABA in the apical bud tissues increased reaching their peaks by the end of cold period. In the open, there were two peaks of free ABA: in October (when early frosts occurred) and in March (at the end of the wintering period). The winter forcing treatment resulted in rapid depletion of energy and plastic resources in T. bifloriformis and the death of 20% of embryonic flower buds (in the open, all flower buds survived). Nevertheless, plant adaptation potential ensured the development of generative shoots with 4–5 normal flowers, which makes it possible to use this species of multiflorous tulip for winter forcing in a greenhouse. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Changes in the carbohydrate and hormonal status in Tulipa bifloriformis bulbs forced into bloom in a greenhouse and in the open ground

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Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences ; Plant Physiology
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443709030182
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Time-course of ABA, cytokinins, monosaccharides (MS), and water-soluble polysaccharides (WSP) contents were followed during cold dormancy period in the bulbs of tulip (Tulipa bifloriformis Vved.) that stayed over winter in the open ground or were cold-forced into bloom in a greenhouse. In both cases, the level of monosaccharides and water-soluble polysaccharides in the storage scale tissues increased, whereas the MS/WSP ratio in the bulbs planted in the open remained essentially the same and in case of forcing treatment decreased almost fivefold. In the apical bud tissues, the level of monosaccharides also rose in both cases, but the MS/WSP ratio in the open was greater throughout the whole experiment. The level of cytokinins in the apical bud tissues in the open was higher than in the forcing case, although the changes in their total content were identical following both treatments. Following the forcing treatment, the contents of free and bound ABA in the apical bud tissues increased reaching their peaks by the end of cold period. In the open, there were two peaks of free ABA: in October (when early frosts occurred) and in March (at the end of the wintering period). The winter forcing treatment resulted in rapid depletion of energy and plastic resources in T. bifloriformis and the death of 20% of embryonic flower buds (in the open, all flower buds survived). Nevertheless, plant adaptation potential ensured the development of generative shoots with 4–5 normal flowers, which makes it possible to use this species of multiflorous tulip for winter forcing in a greenhouse.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: May 10, 2009

References

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