We investigated the changes in the total activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and the role of its isoforms in hardening potato (Solanum tuberosum L., cv. Desnitsa) plants of wild type and transformed with desA gene of Δ12-acyl-lipid desaturase from Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. Hydroponically grown 8-week-old plants were exposed for six days to hardening temperature of 5°C. Before chilling, the total SOD activity in the transformed plants was somewhat greater than in the control plants. By the first day of hardening, SOD activity in both potato genotypes rose almost 1.5 times; however, the absolute value of SOD activity was considerably greater in the transformed plants. Subsequently, the total SOD activity in both genotypes decreased and by the end of the 6th day, it almost returned to the initial level. Electrophoretic and inhibitor analyses of potato plants revealed three types of SOD with one isoform of Mn-SOD, four isoforms of Fe-SOD, and two isoforms of Cu/Zn-SOD. In both genotypes, Fe-SOD3 manifested the greatest activity before chilling and in the course of hardening. Such changes in SOD activity corresponded to the rate of generation of superoxide anion radical and elevation of the content of products of peroxide oxidation of lipids (POL). Our data suggest that in the course of hardening of cold-resistant potato plants, the total SOD activity changed mostly due to Fe-SOD3 and to some extent as a result of elevated Cu/Zn-SOD2 activity, which was particularly evident at the beginning of hardening and more pronounced in the transformed plants. We assume that such temporal pattern is related to a greater rate of superoxide anion generation in the transformed plants as compared with control plants.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 27, 2014
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