The activity of enzymes participating in the systems of antioxidant protection was assayed in the second leaf and roots of 21-day-old wheat seedlings (Triticum aestivum L.) grown in a medium with nitrate (NO– 3 treatment), ammonium (NH+ 4 treatment), or without nitrogen added (N-deficiency treatment). The activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase, ascorbate peroxidase, glutathione reductase, and catalase in the leaves and roots of the NH+ 4 plants was significantly higher than in the plants grown in the nitrate medium. The activity of SOD decreased and ascorbate peroxidase markedly increased in leaves, whereas the activity of ascorbate peroxidase increased in the roots of N-deficient plants, as compared to the plants grown in nitrate and ammonium. Low-temperature incubation (5°С, 12 h) differentially affected the antioxidant activity of the studied plants. Whereas leaf enzyme activities did not change in the NH+ 4 plants, the activities of SOD, peroxidase, ascorbate peroxidase, and catalase markedly increased in the NO– 3 plants. In leaves of the N-deficient plant, the activity of SOD decreased; however, the activity of other enzymes increased. In response to temperature decrease, catalase activity increased in the roots of NO– 3 and NH+ 4-plants, whereas in the N-deficient plants, the activity of peroxidase increased. Thus, in wheat, both nitrogen form and nitrogen deficiency changed the time-course of antioxidant enzyme activities in response to low temperature.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 22, 2004
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