1067-4136/05/3604- © 2005 Pleiades Publishing, Inc.
Russian Journal of Ecology, Vol. 36, No. 4, 2005, pp. 277–284. Translated from Ekologiya, No. 4, 2005, pp. 306–313.
Original Russian Text Copyright © 2005 by Derunkov.
Deeper knowledge of the spatiotemporal structure
and functional interrelations of all components com-
prising a forest ecosystem are necessary for the protec-
tion and rational management of exploited forests. The
present-day practice of forest management has a con-
siderable effect on the formation of biological diversity
of coleopterans in the temperate forest zone of Europe.
The cyclic pattern of tree cutting results in the forma-
tion of a complex of forest stands at different stages of
succession, each characterized by a certain degree of
development of coleopteran communities. Staphylin-
ids, or rove beetles, are one of the most abundant and
diverse families of herpetobiontic coleopterans in pine
forests. They are good indicator organisms and can be
successfully used for estimating the effects of various
natural and anthropogenic factors on ecosystems
(Khot’ko, 1988, 1993;
The main trends of changes occurring in staphylinid
communities under the effect of reforestation in central
and eastern Europe have been studied insufﬁciently. In
Poland, Szujecki (1971) analyzed in detail the effect of
clear felling on staphylinid communities and, using cer-
tain staphylinid species as indicators, distinguished
four periods in the development of pine stand in the
former felling area. Furthermore, the structure of sta-
phylinid communities was used as a basis for a succes-
sional model for the spatial assessment of forest land-
scapes, which was tested in the Bialowieza National
and Szujecki, 2001). Staphylinid spe-
cies characteristic of each developmental stage of pine
stands (from a cutover area to a mature forest) were
identiﬁed in eastern Germany (Steinmetzger and
Tietze, 1980, 1982). However, almost no studies of this
kind were performed in Belarus.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
Studies were performed in pine plantations of the
moss type in 1995. The stands growing in a cutover area
of pine forest in Borisovskii raion of Minsk oblast were
of three age classes: class 1, 11 years; class 2, 28 years;
and class 3, 60 years. Insects were captured using pitfall
traps (250-ml polystyrene cups 72 mm in diameter)
one-third full of 4% formaldehyde solution, 15 traps in
each stand. The material was collected from the traps
every 14 days, from late April to early October.
The structure of dominance in staphylinid commu-
nities was determined from the classes of species abun-
dance using the scale proposed by Renkonen (1938):
species accounting for more than 5% of the total catch
were classiﬁed as dominant; for 2–5%, as subdominant;
for 1–2%, as “recedent” (subordinate); and for less than
1%, as “subrecedent” (rare).
The diversity of staphylinid communities was char-
acterized using the indices of species richness (the Mar-
galef index and the
parameter of log series) and dom-
inance (the Simpson and Berger–Parker indices), as
well as the Shannon indices of species richness and uni-
formity by abundance in the integrated form (calculated
on the basis of natural logarithms). Calculations were
performed by standard formulas (Magurran, 1992;
Krebs, 1999). Signiﬁcance of differences between the
Shannon index values was estimated by Student’s
To compensate for differences in the size of samples
used for estimating species richness, the rarefaction
Changes in Species Diversity of Rove Beetles
(Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) Depending on the Age
of Pine Plantations in Central Belarus
A. V. Derunkov
Institute of Zoology, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus,
ul. Akademicheskaya 27, Minsk, 220072 Belarus
Received April 4, 2004
—Trends of changes in species richness and dominance in staphylinid communities depending on the
age of pine plantations have been analyzed. The species richness of these communities is high in the plantations
of age classes 1 and 2 (11 and 28 years, respectively) but decreases in the plantations of age class 3 (60 years).
The highest and lowest indices of species diversity are observed in the plantations of age classes 2 and 3, respec-
tively. Four groups of rove beetles have been distinguished by the criterion of their dominance in pine planta-
tions of different ages.
: Staphylinidae, species diversity, pine plantations, succession.