Changes in phytotoxicity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the course of microbial degradation

Changes in phytotoxicity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the course of microbial degradation Phytotoxicity of six polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and their 16 oxidized derivatives that may be microbial metabolites arising in the course of PAH degradation was determined using an express test with the seedlings of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) and alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). It was shown that germinating capacity is the least informative characteristic and the most useful parameter is development of seedlings during 3 days in the presence of compounds under investigation. Among unsubstituted compounds, toxicity in respect to seedlings decreased in the series fluorene > phenanthrene > anthracene. Chrysene, fluoranthene, and pyrene stimulated shoot development. It was found that some of the metabolites produced as a result of microbial degradation of phenanthrene (9,10-phenanthrenequinone, 1-hydroxy-2-naphthoic and benzoic acids) are more toxic for plants than starting PAH molecules. The obtained results are important for understanding rhizosphere processes associated with phytoremediation technique. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Changes in phytotoxicity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the course of microbial degradation

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443716010052
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Phytotoxicity of six polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and their 16 oxidized derivatives that may be microbial metabolites arising in the course of PAH degradation was determined using an express test with the seedlings of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) and alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). It was shown that germinating capacity is the least informative characteristic and the most useful parameter is development of seedlings during 3 days in the presence of compounds under investigation. Among unsubstituted compounds, toxicity in respect to seedlings decreased in the series fluorene > phenanthrene > anthracene. Chrysene, fluoranthene, and pyrene stimulated shoot development. It was found that some of the metabolites produced as a result of microbial degradation of phenanthrene (9,10-phenanthrenequinone, 1-hydroxy-2-naphthoic and benzoic acids) are more toxic for plants than starting PAH molecules. The obtained results are important for understanding rhizosphere processes associated with phytoremediation technique.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Feb 16, 2016

References

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