Experiments were performed on the first and second internodes and 4-cm-long apical segments of main roots of pea (Pisum sativum L.) seedlings, grown in the light and decapitated above the second node on the seventh day after seed germination. Endogenous phytohormones were measured by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay during three days after decapitation of seedlings. The IAA level in the internodes decreased 2–3 times on the second day after decapitation of seedlings while the cytokinin level increased 5–6 times for zeatin and zeatin riboside (Z and ZR) and 1.5–2 times for isopentenyl adenine and isopentenyl adenosine (IP and IPA). In contrast to internodes, the IP and IPA contents in the roots of decapitated seedlings did not change, but the levels of Z and ZR increased 1.5–2 times compared to intact plant roots. The IAA level in the apical region of root remained almost unchanged after the removal of shoot apex. It was concluded that the apical meristem of the main root is not the site of the cytokinin response to the auxin signal coming from the stem apex and that a slight accumulation of Z and ZR after decapitation is due to upper zones of the root. There was no difference in the content of gibberellin-like substances between the internodes of intact and decapitated seedlings. However, the content of gibberellins (GA) in the root tip decreased after decapitation of seedling, which suggests an essential role of apical bud in supplying the root with GA and/or intermediates for their biosynthesis.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 18, 2004
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