Changes in Phytohormone Status in Stems and Roots after Decapitation of Pea Seedlings

Changes in Phytohormone Status in Stems and Roots after Decapitation of Pea Seedlings Experiments were performed on the first and second internodes and 4-cm-long apical segments of main roots of pea (Pisum sativum L.) seedlings, grown in the light and decapitated above the second node on the seventh day after seed germination. Endogenous phytohormones were measured by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay during three days after decapitation of seedlings. The IAA level in the internodes decreased 2–3 times on the second day after decapitation of seedlings while the cytokinin level increased 5–6 times for zeatin and zeatin riboside (Z and ZR) and 1.5–2 times for isopentenyl adenine and isopentenyl adenosine (IP and IPA). In contrast to internodes, the IP and IPA contents in the roots of decapitated seedlings did not change, but the levels of Z and ZR increased 1.5–2 times compared to intact plant roots. The IAA level in the apical region of root remained almost unchanged after the removal of shoot apex. It was concluded that the apical meristem of the main root is not the site of the cytokinin response to the auxin signal coming from the stem apex and that a slight accumulation of Z and ZR after decapitation is due to upper zones of the root. There was no difference in the content of gibberellin-like substances between the internodes of intact and decapitated seedlings. However, the content of gibberellins (GA) in the root tip decreased after decapitation of seedling, which suggests an essential role of apical bud in supplying the root with GA and/or intermediates for their biosynthesis. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Changes in Phytohormone Status in Stems and Roots after Decapitation of Pea Seedlings

Loading next page...
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright © 2004 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial