Changes in photosynthesis caused by adaptation of maize seedlings to short-term drought

Changes in photosynthesis caused by adaptation of maize seedlings to short-term drought Detached leaf is in the state of increasing water deficit; it is a good experimental model for looking into the hardening effect of adaptation of eight-day-old maize (Zea mays L.) seedlings to short-term drought (five days without watering). The light stage of photosynthesis and photosynthetic CO2/H2O exchange in detached leaves were studied. Specific surface density of leaf tissue (SSDL), the content of chlorophylls a and b, proline, MDA as well as photosynthetic parameters: quantum yield of photosystem II fluorescence, assimilation of CO2, and transpiration at room temperature and light saturation (density of PAR quantum flux of 2000 μmol/(m2 s)) at normal and half atmospheric CO2 concentration were determined. The leaves of seedlings exposed to short-term drought differed from control material by a greater SSDL and higher content of proline. The hardening effect of the stress agent on the dark stage of photosynthesis was detected; it was expressed in the maintenance of the higher photosynthetic CO2 assimilation against control material due to the elevation of stomatal conductance for CO2 diffusing into the leaf. Judging from the lack of differences in the MDA content, short-term drought did not injure photosynthetic membranes. In detached leaves of experimental maize seedlings, photosynthesis was maintained on a higher level than in control material. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Changes in photosynthesis caused by adaptation of maize seedlings to short-term drought

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443714010178
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Detached leaf is in the state of increasing water deficit; it is a good experimental model for looking into the hardening effect of adaptation of eight-day-old maize (Zea mays L.) seedlings to short-term drought (five days without watering). The light stage of photosynthesis and photosynthetic CO2/H2O exchange in detached leaves were studied. Specific surface density of leaf tissue (SSDL), the content of chlorophylls a and b, proline, MDA as well as photosynthetic parameters: quantum yield of photosystem II fluorescence, assimilation of CO2, and transpiration at room temperature and light saturation (density of PAR quantum flux of 2000 μmol/(m2 s)) at normal and half atmospheric CO2 concentration were determined. The leaves of seedlings exposed to short-term drought differed from control material by a greater SSDL and higher content of proline. The hardening effect of the stress agent on the dark stage of photosynthesis was detected; it was expressed in the maintenance of the higher photosynthetic CO2 assimilation against control material due to the elevation of stomatal conductance for CO2 diffusing into the leaf. Judging from the lack of differences in the MDA content, short-term drought did not injure photosynthetic membranes. In detached leaves of experimental maize seedlings, photosynthesis was maintained on a higher level than in control material.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Dec 28, 2013

References

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