Qualitative and quantitative composition of lipids was investigated in fresh-water vascular plant Hydrilla verticillata (L. fil.) Royle in the course of the accumulation and elimination of heavy metals (HM). The plants were incubated in 100μM solutions of metal nitrates for 10 days. The accumulation of Cu2+, Zn2+, and Pb2+ and their elimination from the plants depended on the duration of exposure and chemical nature of the metal. Accumulation of lead and copper salts was the greatest on the 3rd day, and zinc, on the 10th day. It was associated with changes in the composition of total lipids, polar lipids, and fatty acid (FA). Copper ions suppressed lipid metabolism stronger than other metals. Zn2+ and Pb2+ induced the accumulation of biomass and elevated the content of some phospholipids and glycolipids. The detected changes (decrease or increase) were observed both during the incubation with HM and within an afterstress period when the plants recovered in the medium free of metals. Judging by their effect on the content of lipids and FA, HM form a series: Cu2+ > Zn2+ > Pb2+. The responses of plant lipid metabolism to the metals of various chemical nature are discussed.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 8, 2009
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