Changes in Formation and Localization of Phenolic Compounds in the Tissues of European and Canadian Yew during Dedifferentiation In Vitro

Changes in Formation and Localization of Phenolic Compounds in the Tissues of European and... Changes in formation and localizations of phenolic compounds, including flavans, were investigated in the tissues of European and Canadian yew (Taxus baccata L. and T. canadensis Marsh.) during dedifferentiation in vitro. Annual shoots of European yew had the highest capacity for synthesizing these compounds. During the summer growth period, the content of total soluble phenolic compounds and flavans in these shoots was 30–40% higher than in the winter. Cell dedifferentiation and growth in vitro was accompanied by enhanced synthesis of phenolic compounds, including flavans, the change in tissue localization of these compounds, and an increase in the number of cells containing phenolics. Significant accumulation of phenolic compounds in callus cells resulted in necroses following two subcultures in the European and Canadian yew cultures initiated from summer explants, and following seven subcultures of the European yew calli initiated from winter explants. These data allow us to suggest that a high level of phenolic compounds in yew calli could be the reason for their necrosis. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Changes in Formation and Localization of Phenolic Compounds in the Tissues of European and Canadian Yew during Dedifferentiation In Vitro

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Publisher
Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by MAIK "Nauka/Interperiodica"
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Plant Physiology
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11183-005-0100-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Changes in formation and localizations of phenolic compounds, including flavans, were investigated in the tissues of European and Canadian yew (Taxus baccata L. and T. canadensis Marsh.) during dedifferentiation in vitro. Annual shoots of European yew had the highest capacity for synthesizing these compounds. During the summer growth period, the content of total soluble phenolic compounds and flavans in these shoots was 30–40% higher than in the winter. Cell dedifferentiation and growth in vitro was accompanied by enhanced synthesis of phenolic compounds, including flavans, the change in tissue localization of these compounds, and an increase in the number of cells containing phenolics. Significant accumulation of phenolic compounds in callus cells resulted in necroses following two subcultures in the European and Canadian yew cultures initiated from summer explants, and following seven subcultures of the European yew calli initiated from winter explants. These data allow us to suggest that a high level of phenolic compounds in yew calli could be the reason for their necrosis.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 28, 2005

References

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