Changes in fatty acid composition of chloroplast membrane lipids were investigated using tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L., cv. Samsun) plants subjected to cold hardening for 6 days at 8°C. Under optimal growing temperature (22°C), the lipids of thylakoid membranes were characterized by elevated content of 16:3n-3 and 18:3n-3 fatty acids (FA). Compared to the lipids of chloroplast envelope membranes, the thylakoid lipids were less rich in the content of saturated, mono- and diunsaturated FA. The relative content of unsaturated FA in chloroplast membranes increased substantially during cold hardening, which was mainly due to the accumulation of 18:3n-3 FA. It is concluded that the observed changes in FA composition of chloroplast lipids during cold hardening adjust the fluidity of these membranes to the level sufficient for functioning of tobacco photosynthetic apparatus, which is a prerequisite for accumulation of assimilates and allows the hardened tobacco plants to survive under conditions of hypothermia.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 5, 2017
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