A variety of early ontogenetic events of anuran species (growth, structural and biochemical diversification, metamorphosis) offers a unique opportunity to evaluate the effectiveness and application limits of mass spectrometry method for the analysis of metabolic and transformation events in developing organisms. The dynamics of relative carbon and nitrogen contents and stable isotopes of these elements during larval development in the period of metamorphosis climax and after its conclusion in moor frog specimens developing in their natural habitat and in vitro on a referent diet are traced. A decrease in C/N ratio and enrichment of the tissues with heavy stable isotopes of carbon and nitrogen during embryonal and larval development (prior to the beginning of independent feeding) indicates the increase in the portion and variety of proteins, accompanied by consumption of yolk lipids. The relative nitrogen content increase and C/N ratio decreases with the growth and development of independently feeding tadpoles, which indicates surpassing increase of the portion of proteins in tissues. In growing tadpoles, the rates of tissue renewal in general and rates of protein metabolism in particular affect the kinetics of changes of tissue isotope composition, which approaches isotope composition of the consumed food. A decrease in С/N ratio in the bodies of metamorphs during mass tissue decomposition is indicative of continuing reconstruction of larval organs and growth of anlage of definitive organs. Significant increase of C/N ratio and depletion of liver samples by heavy carbon isotopes are associated with intensive synthesis and reservation of lipids within the organ. Strong enrichment of metamorphs’ tissues with heavy nitrogen isotope indicates the substitution of ammoniotelic type of nitrogen metabolism by urotelic type. Decrease in C/N ratio and enrichment of tissues by heavy carbon isotope may be connected to intensive oxidation of lipids, which supports the growing energy costs of terrestrial underyearlings. Relative contents of heavy nitrogen isotope in the tissues of underyearlings does not change compared to the tissues of metamorphs.
Russian Journal of Developmental Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 23, 2017
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