Background Renal nerve denervation (RDN) is developed as a potential treatment for hypertension. Recently, we reported the use of renal nerve stimulation (RNS) to localize sympathetic nerve tissue for subsequent selective RDN. The effects of RNS on arterial pressure dynamics remain unknown. The current study aimed to describe the acute changes in arterial pres- sure dynamics response to RNS before and after RDN. Methods and results Twenty six patients with drug-resistant hypertension referred for RDN were included. RNS was per- formed under general anesthesia before and after RDN. We continuously monitored heart rate (HR) and invasive femoral blood pressure (BP). Augmentation pressure (AP) and index (Aix), pulse pressure (PP), time to reflected wave, maximum systolic BP and dicrotic notch were calculated. Systolic and diastolic BP at site of maximum response significantly increased in response to RNS (120 ± 16/62 ± 9 to 150 ± 22/75 ± 15 mmHg) (p < 0.001/< 0.001), whereas after RDN no RNS-induced BP change was observed (p > 0.10). RNS increased Aix (29 ± 11 to 32 ± 13%, p = 0.005), PP (59 ± 14 to 75 ± 17 mmHg, p < 0.001), time to reflected wave (63 ± 18 to 71 ± 25 ms, p
Zeitschrift für Kardiologie – Springer Journals
Published: May 29, 2018
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