Changes in a coflowing jet structure caused by acoustic forcing

Changes in a coflowing jet structure caused by acoustic forcing In the present work, the changes in the basic turbulence field of an axisymmetric jet in a coflow when acoustic forcing is applied are investigated. The main objective is to discriminate between changes produced by the acoustic forcing and those produced by the presence of solid particles in a two-phase flow. Power spectra of the axial velocities, u(t), are analyzed to reinforce the idea of the existence of a natural frequency. Time-averaged data are used to characterize the basic flow. This basic flow is compared with the flow altered by the acoustic forcing. By smoothing the phase-averaged rms data (mean statistical curve), the general behavior of the instantaneous fluctuations are unveiled and compared with that of the natural (unforced) jet. In this way, it can be seen that rms values in the forced cases are higher than in the unforced ones, due to the contribution of the external forcing. However, once the coherent structures are extinguished, both forced and unforced jets show a similar trend. Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Changes in a coflowing jet structure caused by acoustic forcing

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