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CEUS in the differential diagnosis between biliary sludge, benign lesions and malignant lesions

CEUS in the differential diagnosis between biliary sludge, benign lesions and malignant lesions Purpose Conventional grayscale ultrasound (US) is accurate in the diagnosis of gallbladder disease (GD), but in some cases, it is not decisive. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) improves the diagnostic accuracy of US. The primary objective of this study is to assess the reliability of CEUS in the diagnosis of sludge; the secondary objective is to assess the ability of CEUS to diagnose cancer. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the US of 4137 patients positive for GD. In 43/4137 (1.04%), the use of could not discriminate between sludge and neoplasms. Then, we evaluated CEUS in only 39 of these patients, and in 4/43 (9%) cases it was not performable. After CEUS, the absence of enhancement was considered diagnostic for sludge, while contrast washout within 60 s diagnosed malignant lesions. Results Among the 39 patients, 16 had biliary sludge and 23 had lesions of the gallbladder wall; 9 of these were carcinomas and 14 were benign tumors. The absence of enhancement was present in 16/16 patients with sludge and in 0/23 patients with lesions of the gallbladder (sensitivity and specificity 100%). Washout was within 60 s in 9/9 gallbladder carcinomas and 2/14 benign lesions (sensitivity 100%; specificity 85%). Conclusions US is confirmed to be accurate http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Ultrasound Springer Journals

CEUS in the differential diagnosis between biliary sludge, benign lesions and malignant lesions

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Società Italiana di Ultrasonologia in Medicina e Biologia (SIUMB)
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Ultrasound
eISSN
1876-7931
DOI
10.1007/s40477-018-0286-5
pmid
29476456
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose Conventional grayscale ultrasound (US) is accurate in the diagnosis of gallbladder disease (GD), but in some cases, it is not decisive. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) improves the diagnostic accuracy of US. The primary objective of this study is to assess the reliability of CEUS in the diagnosis of sludge; the secondary objective is to assess the ability of CEUS to diagnose cancer. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the US of 4137 patients positive for GD. In 43/4137 (1.04%), the use of could not discriminate between sludge and neoplasms. Then, we evaluated CEUS in only 39 of these patients, and in 4/43 (9%) cases it was not performable. After CEUS, the absence of enhancement was considered diagnostic for sludge, while contrast washout within 60 s diagnosed malignant lesions. Results Among the 39 patients, 16 had biliary sludge and 23 had lesions of the gallbladder wall; 9 of these were carcinomas and 14 were benign tumors. The absence of enhancement was present in 16/16 patients with sludge and in 0/23 patients with lesions of the gallbladder (sensitivity and specificity 100%). Washout was within 60 s in 9/9 gallbladder carcinomas and 2/14 benign lesions (sensitivity 100%; specificity 85%). Conclusions US is confirmed to be accurate

Journal

Journal of UltrasoundSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 23, 2018

References