The long terminal repeats (LTR) sequence divergence among Maedi Visna virus (MVV) isolates leads to LTRs with distinct transcriptional activities, which may result in distinct biological behaviours. The genetic heterogeneity, as well as basal and Tat-induced transcriptional activity of the LTRs from P1OLV and WLC-1 MVV viruses, slow/low and rapid/high isolates, respectively, have been examined and compared with LTRs from other strains of small ruminant lentiviruses (SRLV). Transfection assays using a reporter construct containing the LTR fused to a luciferase gene demonstrated that the LTR from P1OLV virus had the weakest promoter activity, suggesting a correlation between the level of promoter activity and the viral replication rate. To confirm this hypothesis, the promoter of P1OLV was cloned into infectious molecular clone KV1772kv72/67 and the resulting chimeric virus was tested for growth in various cell types. Compared to the parental KV1772, the LTR-chimeric virus KV1772/P1OLV exhibited a drastic reduction in replication rate in sheep choroid plexus (SCP) and lung cells, while in ovine macrophages and goat synovial membrane cells (GSM), chimeric virus showed a growth rate similar to that of parental virus. These observations suggest that the LTR is responsible for the slow/low in vitro phenotype presented by P1OLV in SCP and lung cells.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 1, 2005
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera