The present study aimed at elucidating the initial intracellular lysophosphatidic acid (LPA)-induced signaling events, in order to investigate the sequence in which LPA affects the intracellular concentration of free, cytosolic Ca2+, [Ca2+] i , ion channels, the F-actin cytoskeleton, cell volume and the Na+/H+ exchanger. We found that stimulation of Ehrlich cells with LPA induced a transient, concentration-dependent increase in [Ca2+] i , which is due to Ca2+ release from intracellular Ins(1,4,5)P3-sensitive stores as well as an influx of Ca2+. The EC50 values for LPA-induced Ca2+ mobilization were estimated at 0.03 nm and 0.4 nm LPA in the presence and absence of extracellular Ca2+, respectively. The LPA-induced increase in [Ca2+] i resulted in (i) co-activation of Ca2+-activated, charybdotoxin (ChTX)-sensitive K+ and niflumic acid-sensitive Cl− currents; (ii) a subsequent cell shrinkage and increased polymerization of F-actin, and (iii) activation of a Na+/H+ exchange, resulting in a concentration-dependent intracellular alkalinization. The EC50 value for the LPA-induced rate of alkalinization was estimated at 0.37 nm LPA. When cell shrinkage was prevented, the LPA-induced activation of the Na+/H+ exchanger was impaired. In conclusion, the initial signaling events induced by LPA involves activation of volume regulatory mechanisms.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 1, 2000
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