Cell-Free DNA Kinetics in a Pre-Clinical Model of Head and Neck Cancer

Cell-Free DNA Kinetics in a Pre-Clinical Model of Head and Neck Cancer In cancer patients, circulating tumour-derived DNA (ctDNA) levels imperfectly reflect disease burden apparent on medical imaging. Further evaluation of ctDNA levels over time is needed to better understand the correlation with tumour growth and therapeutic response. We describe ctDNA kinetics within an orthotopic, immunocompetent preclinical rabbit model of local-regionally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Monitoring primary tumour and metastatic lymph node volume by computed tomography (CT), we observed a correlation between ctDNA levels and tumour burden. We found that ctDNA detection could precede evidence of tumour on CT. Sensitivity and specificity of ctDNA detection in this model was 90.2% (95% C.I.: 76.9–97.3%) and 85.7% (95% C.I.: 67.3–96.0%), respectively. Rapid tumour growth followed by auto-necrosis and tumour volume contraction produced a spike in ctDNA levels, suggesting that viable tumour cells may be required for sustained ctDNA release. Following surgical resection, both ctDNA and total plasma DNA were correlated with recurrent tumour volume. Our results reveal the complex kinetic behaviour of ctDNA and total plasma DNA upon tumour growth or surgery. This pre-clinical model could be useful for future studies focused on elucidating mechanisms of ctDNA release into the circulation from primary and metastatic sites. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Scientific Reports Springer Journals

Cell-Free DNA Kinetics in a Pre-Clinical Model of Head and Neck Cancer

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/cell-free-dna-kinetics-in-a-pre-clinical-model-of-head-and-neck-cancer-3xOr0jj9Zh
Publisher
Nature Publishing Group UK
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by The Author(s)
Subject
Science, Humanities and Social Sciences, multidisciplinary; Science, Humanities and Social Sciences, multidisciplinary; Science, multidisciplinary
eISSN
2045-2322
D.O.I.
10.1038/s41598-017-17079-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In cancer patients, circulating tumour-derived DNA (ctDNA) levels imperfectly reflect disease burden apparent on medical imaging. Further evaluation of ctDNA levels over time is needed to better understand the correlation with tumour growth and therapeutic response. We describe ctDNA kinetics within an orthotopic, immunocompetent preclinical rabbit model of local-regionally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Monitoring primary tumour and metastatic lymph node volume by computed tomography (CT), we observed a correlation between ctDNA levels and tumour burden. We found that ctDNA detection could precede evidence of tumour on CT. Sensitivity and specificity of ctDNA detection in this model was 90.2% (95% C.I.: 76.9–97.3%) and 85.7% (95% C.I.: 67.3–96.0%), respectively. Rapid tumour growth followed by auto-necrosis and tumour volume contraction produced a spike in ctDNA levels, suggesting that viable tumour cells may be required for sustained ctDNA release. Following surgical resection, both ctDNA and total plasma DNA were correlated with recurrent tumour volume. Our results reveal the complex kinetic behaviour of ctDNA and total plasma DNA upon tumour growth or surgery. This pre-clinical model could be useful for future studies focused on elucidating mechanisms of ctDNA release into the circulation from primary and metastatic sites.

Journal

Scientific ReportsSpringer Journals

Published: Dec 1, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off