Cell division cycle 7 (Cdc7) plays important roles in the regulation of the initiation of DNA replication throughout S phase. Whether inhibition of Cdc7 has a direct antitumour effect in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) remains unclear. In this study, XL413, a novel Cdc7 inhibitor, markedly inhibited the viability of OSCC cells but not that of non-tumour primary cells. There was a synergistic effect between XL413 and DNA-damaging agents (e.g. cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil) on OSCC in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, XL413 exhibited a notable antitumour effect on OSCC patients with high Cdc7 expression in mini patient-derived xenografts model. The proliferation was significantly inhibited in OSCC cells after Cdc7 silencing. Cdc7 knockdown significantly induced apoptosis in OSCC cell lines. Furthermore, we demonstrated that Cdc7 was overexpressed and transcriptionally regulated by E2F1 in OSCC by using chromatin immunoprecipitation and luciferase assays. Our results reveal that XL413 has an excellent antitumour effect in OSCC. Importantly, it does not inhibit the proliferation of non-tumour cells. These findings suggest that the overexpression of Cdc7 promotes progression in OSCC and that inhibition of Cdc7 is a very promising therapy for OSCC patients.
Journal of Molecular Medicine – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 30, 2018
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