Histone acetylation affects chromatin conformation and regulates various cellular functions, such as transcription and cell cycle progression. Although mitosis dependent transcriptional silencing and large-scale chromatin structural changes are well established, acetylation of histone H4 during the mitosis is poorly understood in plants. Here, the dynamics of acetylation of histone H4 in defined genome regions has been examined in the fixed barley cells throughout the mitosis by three-dimensional microscopy. Patterns of strong acetylation of the two lysine residues K5 and K16 of histone H4 in the barley genomes were found to be different. In interphase nuclei, H4 acetylated at K16 was associated with the gene-rich, telomere-associated hemispheres, whereas K5 acetylation was detected in centromeric regions where the heterochromatin is distributed. Regions of strong K5 acetylation changed dynamically as the cell cycle proceeded. At prometaphase, centromeric acetylation at K5 decreased suddenly, with accompanying rapid increases of acetylation in the nucleolar organizing regions (NORs). Reverse changes occurred at telophase. On the other hand, the strongly acetylated regions of the K16 showed changes compatible with transcriptional activities and chromosome condensation throughout the cell cycle. Telomeric acetylation at K16 was detected throughout the cell cycle, although it was reduced at metaphase which corresponds to the most condensed stage of the chromosomes. It is concluded that dynamic changes in H4 acetylation occur in a lysine residue-, stage-, and region-specific manner and that they correlate with changes in the chromosome structure through the cell cycle.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera