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cDNA cloning and heterologous expression of coniferin β-glucosidase

cDNA cloning and heterologous expression of coniferin β-glucosidase Coniferin β-glucosidase (CBG) catalyzes the hydrolysis of monolignol glucosides to release the cinnamyl alcohols for oxidative polymerization to lignin. Utilizing the N-terminal amino acid sequence of the purified enzyme, the corresponding full-length cDNA sequence was isolated from a Pinus contorta xylem-specific library. The isolated 1909 nucleotide cDNA was confirmed to be that of CBG on the basis of its high homology to family 1 glycosyl hydrolases, the sequence identity with the N-terminal amino acid residues of the purified enzyme, and the coniferin hydrolytic activity and substrate specificity profile displayed by the recombinant protein when expressed in Escherichia coli. The presence of a 23 amino acid N-terminal signal peptide in the deduced 513 amino acid enzyme suggests that CBG is a secretory protein targeted to the ER. The isolation of CBG cDNA will facilitate the evaluation of the importance of this enzyme in the ultimate stages of lignin biosynthesis and could be a valuable tool in manipulating lignin levels in xylem cell walls. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

cDNA cloning and heterologous expression of coniferin β-glucosidase

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 1999 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
DOI
10.1023/A:1006226931512
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Coniferin β-glucosidase (CBG) catalyzes the hydrolysis of monolignol glucosides to release the cinnamyl alcohols for oxidative polymerization to lignin. Utilizing the N-terminal amino acid sequence of the purified enzyme, the corresponding full-length cDNA sequence was isolated from a Pinus contorta xylem-specific library. The isolated 1909 nucleotide cDNA was confirmed to be that of CBG on the basis of its high homology to family 1 glycosyl hydrolases, the sequence identity with the N-terminal amino acid residues of the purified enzyme, and the coniferin hydrolytic activity and substrate specificity profile displayed by the recombinant protein when expressed in Escherichia coli. The presence of a 23 amino acid N-terminal signal peptide in the deduced 513 amino acid enzyme suggests that CBG is a secretory protein targeted to the ER. The isolation of CBG cDNA will facilitate the evaluation of the importance of this enzyme in the ultimate stages of lignin biosynthesis and could be a valuable tool in manipulating lignin levels in xylem cell walls.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 30, 2004

References