Cardiac Ryanodine Receptor Activity is Altered by Oxidizing Reagents in Either the Luminal or Cytoplasmic Solution

Cardiac Ryanodine Receptor Activity is Altered by Oxidizing Reagents in Either the Luminal or... The location of reactive cysteine residues on the ryanodine receptor (RyR) calcium release channel was assessed from the changes in channel activity when oxidizing or reducing reagents were added to the luminal or cytoplasmic solution. Single sheep cardiac RyRs were incorporated into lipid bilayers with 10−7 m cytoplasmic Ca2+. The thiol specific-lipophilic-4,4′-dithiodipyridine (4,4′-DTDP, 1 mm), as well as the hydrophilic thimerosal (1 mm), activated and then inhibited RyRs from either the cis (cytoplasmic) or trans (luminal) solutions. Activation was associated with an increase in the (a) mean channel open time and (b) number of exponential components in the open time distribution from one (∼2 msec) to three (∼1 msec; ∼7 msec; ∼15 msec) in channels activated by trans 4,4′-DTDP or cis or trans thimerosal. A longer component (∼75 msec) appeared with cis 4,4′-DTDP. Activation by either oxidant was reversed by the thiol reducing agent, dithiothreitol. The results suggest that three classes of cysteines are available to 4,4′-DTDP or thimerosal, SHa or SHa* activating the channel and SHi closing the channel. SHa is either distributed over luminal and cytoplasmic RyR domains, or is located within the channel pore. SHi is also located within the transmembrane domain. SHa* is located on the cytoplasmic domain of the protein. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Cardiac Ryanodine Receptor Activity is Altered by Oxidizing Reagents in Either the Luminal or Cytoplasmic Solution

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/cardiac-ryanodine-receptor-activity-is-altered-by-oxidizing-reagents-PfsaIjrahB
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 1999 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002329900484
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The location of reactive cysteine residues on the ryanodine receptor (RyR) calcium release channel was assessed from the changes in channel activity when oxidizing or reducing reagents were added to the luminal or cytoplasmic solution. Single sheep cardiac RyRs were incorporated into lipid bilayers with 10−7 m cytoplasmic Ca2+. The thiol specific-lipophilic-4,4′-dithiodipyridine (4,4′-DTDP, 1 mm), as well as the hydrophilic thimerosal (1 mm), activated and then inhibited RyRs from either the cis (cytoplasmic) or trans (luminal) solutions. Activation was associated with an increase in the (a) mean channel open time and (b) number of exponential components in the open time distribution from one (∼2 msec) to three (∼1 msec; ∼7 msec; ∼15 msec) in channels activated by trans 4,4′-DTDP or cis or trans thimerosal. A longer component (∼75 msec) appeared with cis 4,4′-DTDP. Activation by either oxidant was reversed by the thiol reducing agent, dithiothreitol. The results suggest that three classes of cysteines are available to 4,4′-DTDP or thimerosal, SHa or SHa* activating the channel and SHi closing the channel. SHa is either distributed over luminal and cytoplasmic RyR domains, or is located within the channel pore. SHi is also located within the transmembrane domain. SHa* is located on the cytoplasmic domain of the protein.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Feb 1, 1999

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off