Cardiac Ryanodine Receptor Activity is Altered by Oxidizing Reagents in Either the Luminal or Cytoplasmic Solution

Cardiac Ryanodine Receptor Activity is Altered by Oxidizing Reagents in Either the Luminal or... The location of reactive cysteine residues on the ryanodine receptor (RyR) calcium release channel was assessed from the changes in channel activity when oxidizing or reducing reagents were added to the luminal or cytoplasmic solution. Single sheep cardiac RyRs were incorporated into lipid bilayers with 10−7 m cytoplasmic Ca2+. The thiol specific-lipophilic-4,4′-dithiodipyridine (4,4′-DTDP, 1 mm), as well as the hydrophilic thimerosal (1 mm), activated and then inhibited RyRs from either the cis (cytoplasmic) or trans (luminal) solutions. Activation was associated with an increase in the (a) mean channel open time and (b) number of exponential components in the open time distribution from one (∼2 msec) to three (∼1 msec; ∼7 msec; ∼15 msec) in channels activated by trans 4,4′-DTDP or cis or trans thimerosal. A longer component (∼75 msec) appeared with cis 4,4′-DTDP. Activation by either oxidant was reversed by the thiol reducing agent, dithiothreitol. The results suggest that three classes of cysteines are available to 4,4′-DTDP or thimerosal, SHa or SHa* activating the channel and SHi closing the channel. SHa is either distributed over luminal and cytoplasmic RyR domains, or is located within the channel pore. SHi is also located within the transmembrane domain. SHa* is located on the cytoplasmic domain of the protein. The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Cardiac Ryanodine Receptor Activity is Altered by Oxidizing Reagents in Either the Luminal or Cytoplasmic Solution

Loading next page...
Copyright © Inc. by 1999 Springer-Verlag New York
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial