Carbon nanotubes embedded in embryoid bodies direct cardiac differentiation

Carbon nanotubes embedded in embryoid bodies direct cardiac differentiation We embedded carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in mouse embryoid bodies (EBs) for modulating mechanical and electrical cues of the stem cell niche. The CNTs increased the mechanical integrity and electrical conductivity of the EBs. Measured currents for the unmodified EBs (hereafter, EBs) and the EBs-0.25 mg/mL CNTs were 0.79 and 26.3 mA, respectively, at voltage of 5 V. The EBs had a Young’s modulus of 20.9 ± 6.5 kPa, whereas the Young’s modulus of the EB-0.1 mg/mL CNTs was 35.2 ± 5.6 kPa. The EB-CNTs also showed lower proliferation and greater differentiation rates compared with the EBs as determined by the expression of pluripotency genes and the analysis of EB sizes. Interestingly, the cardiac differentiation of the EB-CNTs was significantly greater than that of the EBs, as confirmed by high-throughput gene analysis at day 5 of culture. Applying electrical stimulation to the EB-CNTs specifically enhanced the cardiac differentiation and beating activity of the EBs. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Biomedical Microdevices Springer Journals
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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Engineering; Biomedical Engineering; Biological and Medical Physics, Biophysics; Nanotechnology; Engineering Fluid Dynamics
ISSN
1387-2176
eISSN
1572-8781
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10544-017-0184-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We embedded carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in mouse embryoid bodies (EBs) for modulating mechanical and electrical cues of the stem cell niche. The CNTs increased the mechanical integrity and electrical conductivity of the EBs. Measured currents for the unmodified EBs (hereafter, EBs) and the EBs-0.25 mg/mL CNTs were 0.79 and 26.3 mA, respectively, at voltage of 5 V. The EBs had a Young’s modulus of 20.9 ± 6.5 kPa, whereas the Young’s modulus of the EB-0.1 mg/mL CNTs was 35.2 ± 5.6 kPa. The EB-CNTs also showed lower proliferation and greater differentiation rates compared with the EBs as determined by the expression of pluripotency genes and the analysis of EB sizes. Interestingly, the cardiac differentiation of the EB-CNTs was significantly greater than that of the EBs, as confirmed by high-throughput gene analysis at day 5 of culture. Applying electrical stimulation to the EB-CNTs specifically enhanced the cardiac differentiation and beating activity of the EBs.

Journal

Biomedical MicrodevicesSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 20, 2017

References

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