Understanding the penetration mechanisms of carbon nanotube (CNTs)-encapsulated drugs through the phospholipid bilayer cell membrane is an important issue for the development of intracellular drug delivery systems. In the present work, steered molecular dynamics (SMD) simulation was used to explore the possibility of penetration of a polar drug, paclitaxel (PTX), encapsulated inside the CNT, through a dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine bilayer membrane. The interactions between PTX and CNT and between PTX and the confined water molecules inside the CNT had a significant effect on the penetration process of PTX. The results reveal that the presence of a PTX molecule increases the magnitude of the pulling force. The effect of pulling velocity on the penetration mechanism was also investigated by a series of SMD simulations, and it is shown that the pulling velocity had a significant effect on pulling force and the interaction between lipid bilayer and drug molecule.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 25, 2013
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