Effects of manganese salt (MnCl2) on growth of Spirulina platensis and capacity of the cyanobacteria to accumulate the metal in various cell components were studied. S. platensis cells were shown to tolerate high concentrations of manganese and preserve, although strongly suppressed, the capacity to grow in the medium containing 5.1 mM MnCl2. The concentrations of manganese that did not inhibit growth considerably altered cell ultrastructure and changed the protein profile. The accumulation of manganese in S. platensis cells was proportional to the period of culturing and manganese concentration in the medium, reaching a plateau at about 2.5 mM. A threshold intracellular concentration of this metal is estimated as 28 ± 3 μmol/g dry wt. The fractionation of the manganese-enriched biomass demonstrated that the major portion of intracellular manganese (over 90%) was found in the total protein fraction. The chromatographic separation of the soluble protein fraction showed that manganese was incorporated into proteins with molecular weight of 5 to 15 kD. Dry biomass adsorbed manganese cations; this evidence seems to indicate a considerable contribution of biosorption to manganese accumulation by S. platensis cells.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 26, 2006
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