K-Cl cotransport, KCC, is activated by swelling in many cells types, and promotes volume regulation by a KCl efflux osmotically coupled to water efflux. KCC is probably activated by swelling-inhibition of a kinase, permitting dephosphorylation, and activation of the cotransporter by a phosphatase. The myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) inhibitor ML-7 inhibits transporters activated by shrinkage. In red blood cells from three mammalian species, ML-7 stimulated KCC in a volume-dependent manner. Relative stimulation was greatest in more shrunken cells. Stimulation was reduced by moderate cell swelling and abolished by further swelling. The half-maximal stimulation is at ∼20 μm ML-7, 50-fold greater than the IC50 for inhibition of MLCK in vitro. Stimulation of KCC by ML-7 did not require cell Ca, while MLCK does. Therefore the target of ML-7 in stimulating KCC in red cells is probably not MLCK. The evidence favors stimulation of KCC by ML-7 by inhibiting the volume-sensitive kinase. Qualitatively similar effects of ML-7 on KCC in red cells from three mammalian species suggest a general mechanism.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 18, 2014
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