A theoretical study is presented of single-electron tunnel charging and Coulomb blockade in a structure consisting of two parallel plane gold electrodes with a spherical or circular gold nanocluster in between. The discrete energy spectrum of conduction electrons in the cluster is calculated. Equations are derived for the current-voltage characteristic of the structure, which presume energy conservation and include the contact potential. Restrictions associated with the Coulomb instability of the cluster and electron relaxation are incorporated into the theory. The width and asymmetry of the zero-conductance gap are calculated.
Russian Microelectronics – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 30, 2007
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