This study was to report and describe the formation of Ca oxalate crystals and to explore whether there is any correlation between their abundant formation and the ability of plant to uptake and accumulate high levels of toxic metals. Soil-grown Corchorus olitorius L. (Tiliaceae) seedlings were further grown in water culture in the presence of Cd, Pb, Cu, or Al (0–10 μg/ml) for 20 days. Light and electron microscopic examinations revealed a large number of intracellular prismatic-shaped Ca oxalate crystals in both leaf and callus cells. Crystals were formed in the vacuole, a single large crystal being formed per cell. The crystal-containing cells differed in size and shape from crystal-free cells, they were rich in organelles, membranes, and vesicles and have dense cytoplasm, enlarged nucleus and modified starch-lacking plastids with few grana. These cells look highly active. Corchorus plants treated with Cd, Pb, Cu, and Al accumulated these metals to the levels several times higher than untreated plants. The contents of Pb, Cd, Al, and Cu in leaf tissues of plants grown in the presence of 5 μg/ml of these metals were 10, 20, 25, and 40 times higher, respectively, than those in plants grown on media devoid of them. X-ray microanalysis of Ca oxalate crystals in leaves from plants exposed to 5 μg/ml Cd, Pb, Al, or Cu indicated the incorporation only of Al into these crystals. Results of this paper suggest a possible contribution for Ca oxalate-crystal formation in sequestering and tolerance of at least some toxic metals.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 18, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera