Acid shock of Chlamydomonas results in flagellar excision and induction of flagellar protein RNAs. The magnitude of flagellar RNA accumulations after flagellar excision by mechanical shear depends on the extracel]ular Ca2+ concentration. In this report, we demonstrate that the magnitude and duration of flagellar RNA accumulations are signaled by an acid shock-induced Ca2+ influx. RNA accumulations were greater in cells acid shocked in 500 µM CaCl2 than in 200 µM CaCl2, although the accumulation durations were similar. RNA accumulations of lower magnitude and shorter duration were observed in cells in Ca2+-containing buffer treated with CdCl2. RNA accumulations were of still lower magnitude and shorter duration in cells shocked in buffer without added CaCl2 than in cells shocked in 200 or 500 µM CaCl2 or in the presence of CdCl2. RNA accumulations similar to those in cells shocked in buffer without added CaCl2 were measured in cells following acid shock in buffer containing 200 µM CaCl2 and supplemented with neomycin, ruthenium red, or LaCl3. Acid shock of the adf-1 mutant resulted in RNA accumulations of shorter duration and lower magnitude than those measured in adf-1 cells stimulated by mechanical shear. These results are consistent with an hypothesis that acid shock generates two genetically and pharmacologically distinct signals governing flagellar RNA induction; the first signal is independent of a Ca2+ influx and flagellar excision and results in low magnitude accumulations of short duration, and the second is a consequence of a Ca2+ influx and results in accumulations of high magnitude and long duration.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 29, 2004
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