Co-expression of clones encoding Kir6.2, a K+ inward rectifier, and SUR1, a sulfonylurea receptor, reconstitutes elementary features of ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channels. However, the precise kinetic properties of Kir6.2/SUR1 clones remain unknown. Herein, intraburst kinetics of Kir6.2/SUR1 channel activity, heterologously co-expressed in COS cells, displayed mean closed times from 0.7 ± 0.1 to 0.4 ± 0.03 msec, and from 0.4 ± 0.1 to 2.0 ± 0.2 msec, and mean open times from 1.9 ± 0.4 to 4.5 ± 0.8 msec, and from 12.1 ± 2.4 to 5.0 ± 0.2 msec between −100 and −20 mV, and +20 to +80 mV, respectively. Burst duration for Kir6.2/SUR1 activity was 17.9 ± 1.8 msec with 5.6 ± 1.5 closings per burst. Burst kinetics of the Kir6.2/SUR1 activity could be fitted by a four-state kinetic model defining transitions between one open and three closed states with forward and backward rate constants of 1905 ± 77 and 322 ± 27 sec−1 for intraburst, 61.8 ± 6.6 and 23.9 ± 5.8 sec−1 for interburst, 12.4 ± 6.0 and 13.6 ± 2.9 sec−1 for intercluster events, respectively. Intraburst kinetic properties of Kir6.2/SUR1 clones were essentially indistinguishable from pancreatic or cardiac KATP channel phenotypes, indicating that intraburst kinetics per se were insufficient to classify recombinant Kir6.2/SUR1 amongst native KATP channels. Yet, burst kinetic behavior of Kir6.2/SUR1 although similar to pancreatic, was different from that of cardiac KATP channels. Thus, expression of Kir6.2/SUR1 proteins away from the pancreatic micro-environment, confers the burst kinetic identity of pancreatic, but not cardiac KATP channels. This study reports the kinetic properties of Kir6.2/SUR1 clones which could serve in the further characterization of novel KATP channel clones.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 15, 1997
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