Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 75, No. 3, 2002, p. 514. Translated from Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, Vol. 75, No. 3, 2002, pp. 525. Original Russian Text Copyright C 2002 by Morachevskii. BOOK ˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝ ˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝ REVIEWS Buler, Peter, Fiziko-khimicheskaya termodinamika veshchestva (Physicochemical Thermodynamics of Substance), St. Petersburg: Yanus, 2001, 192 pp. The book is an author’s translation of Physico- zero. Correspondingly, changes in free energy are also chemical Thermodynamics of Substance, previously zero for these systems. The sixth chapter is concerned published in English (St. Petersburg: Yanus, 2000). with phase equilibria in single-component systems, The author, professor P. Buler, a metallurgist engineer with no mention made of the phase rule. by education, held the chair of chemical technology of The seventh chapter considers thermodynamic glass and glass ceramics of the Ural State Technical functions characterizing the formation of binary solu- University in Yekaterinburg, prior to moving to tions from pure components. The concepts developed Germany in 1990. From 1991 till 2000, he had been by the author rule out the notion of excess functions a professor of the chair of glass and ceramics of and thereby cause a certain confusion of terminology Universitat 1 Erlangen (Nurnberg). 1 At present, he is in describing processes of mixing. The eighth chapter a consultant of the same chair. During the whole discusses the equilibrium between condensed phases period of his activities, P. Buler’s scientific interests in two-component system, without, however, using have been associated with investigations into interac- the term [chemical potential. ] The ninth chapter is tion of oxide melts with metals and gases. devoted to the liquid3vapor equilibrium, and the tenth The brief introduction and the first chapter, Sub- considers the equilibrium in chemical transformations. stance and Its Internal Energy, point out the specific The eleventh chapter presents results of some experi- features of the author’s approach to presentation of the mental studies carried out by the author. fundamentals of chemical thermodynamics. In par- One hundred and twenty-five years ago, J.W. Gibbs ticular, doubt is cast on the correctness of using such a (183931903) published his major work On the Equi- function as enthalpy (H = U + PV). The main reason librium of Heterogeneous Substances, which was of is that, although the product PV has the dimensional- paramount importance for the development of chemi- ity of energy, [this product does not come to be cal thermodynamics. The analytical method rigorously energy in the Nature] (p. 24). As seen from the sum- and consistently described in this paper was later mary (Symbols and Definitions) and the subsequent named by P. Duhem (1907) the method of thermo- presentation, such notions as Gibbs energy and chemi- dynamic potentials. The possibilities of the method cal potential are not used, either. Individual sub- are manifested to full extent in calculation of phase stances and mixing processes are mainly characterized and chemical equilibria. Any [revision] of this meth- by internal energy (U), free energy (G=U 3 TS), and od or abandonment of other fundamental concepts of peculiarly understood entropy. The author writes: the classical chemical thermodynamics seems to be [The entropy of a substance is the temperature coef- unproductive. ficient of the free energy and cannot be interpreted in The freedom of press is generally accepted all over any other way] (p. 32). the world, but it should not be unconditionally ex- The second, third, fourth, and fifth chapters con- tended to scientific publications. A book of such a sider relations describing changes in the internal controversial nature should have been prefaced with energy, free energy, and entropy under various condi- an explicit introduction written by a specialist of tions. The author comes to conclusions that are dif- authority in chemical thermodynamics, with a detailed ficult to comment. It is noted, in particular, that, analysis of merits and demerits and specific features changes in entropy being only associated with changes of a publication brought to reader’s notice. in energy, the entropy of mixing in the formation of an ideal gas mixture or ideal solution proves to be A. G. Morachevskii 1070-4272/02/7503-0514$27.00 C 2002 MAIK [Nauka/Interperiodica]
Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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