Respiration and heat production in the shoots of bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) were studied at the beginning of growth after breaking bud dormancy by means of transfer of the shoots to indoor conditions (November–April) and upon natural sprouting in spring (May). The buds released from dormancy at the beginning of winter sprouted slower and showed lower respiratory activity than the buds that started growing in May. In May, cytochrome respiratory pathway in sprouting buds was 1.3 times more active than energetically ineffective alternative pathway, whereas activity of cytochrome pathway in December was 1.4 times lower as compared with the alternative. In November–December, the rate of heat evolution by the buds was 3–5 times lower than in April–May. In case of early breaking of bud dormancy, the share of respiration energy dissipated as heat was 30% on average. In the buds whose growth was induced later, the value of this parameter was twice as much. The ratio between heat evolution and respiration depended on temperature. High temperature more intensely activated heat evolution than respiration, which caused a decrease in the level of metabolic energy available for growth. In the temperature range of 5–15°C characteristic of the beginning of vegetation, the share of respiration energy dissipated as heat was 2–3 times lower than at 20–30°C, which reflects a great adaptability of V. myrtillus to climatic conditions of the region. Our data suggest that progression through a full cycle of winter dormancy is physiologically important for shoot growth. Early dormancy release brought about changes in respiration and energy balance of the shoots in the initial stage of extra-bud growth.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: May 13, 2016
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