BraSto, a Stowaway MITE from Brassica: recently active copies preferentially accumulate in the gene space

BraSto, a Stowaway MITE from Brassica: recently active copies preferentially accumulate in the... We characterized a Brassica miniature inverted repeat transposable element (MITE) from the Stowaway superfamily, designated BraSto (Bra ssica Sto waway). BraSto copy number was assessed using real-time quantitative PCR in the two diploid species B. rapa (genome A) and B. oleracea (genome C) and the corresponding allotetraploid species B. napus (genome AC). Phylogenetic relationships among a set of 131 BraSto copies were then analyzed. BraSto appears to have been only moderately amplified in the Brassica genome and was still active recently with marks of proliferation in both diploid Brassica species, which diverged 3.75 million years ago, but also in the allotetraploid species after reuniting of the two differentiated genomes. We characterized insertion sites for low-divergence BraSto copies among the gene space of the B. rapa genome using bioinformatics approaches. For BraSto copies localized nearby or within genes, we observed frequent associations of BraSto with putative promoters and regulatory regions of genes, but exclusion from coding regions. In addition, BraSto was significantly similar to several Brassica expressed sequence tags (ESTs), including stress-induced ESTs. We also demonstrated the enrichment of BraSto sequences in binding sites for transcription factors and other regulatory elements. Our results lead to the question of a role for BraSto in the regulation of gene expression: this putative role, if further confirmed experimentally, would help to obtain a new insight into the significance of MITEs in the functional plant genome. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

BraSto, a Stowaway MITE from Brassica: recently active copies preferentially accumulate in the gene space

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Pathology; Plant Sciences; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-011-9794-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We characterized a Brassica miniature inverted repeat transposable element (MITE) from the Stowaway superfamily, designated BraSto (Bra ssica Sto waway). BraSto copy number was assessed using real-time quantitative PCR in the two diploid species B. rapa (genome A) and B. oleracea (genome C) and the corresponding allotetraploid species B. napus (genome AC). Phylogenetic relationships among a set of 131 BraSto copies were then analyzed. BraSto appears to have been only moderately amplified in the Brassica genome and was still active recently with marks of proliferation in both diploid Brassica species, which diverged 3.75 million years ago, but also in the allotetraploid species after reuniting of the two differentiated genomes. We characterized insertion sites for low-divergence BraSto copies among the gene space of the B. rapa genome using bioinformatics approaches. For BraSto copies localized nearby or within genes, we observed frequent associations of BraSto with putative promoters and regulatory regions of genes, but exclusion from coding regions. In addition, BraSto was significantly similar to several Brassica expressed sequence tags (ESTs), including stress-induced ESTs. We also demonstrated the enrichment of BraSto sequences in binding sites for transcription factors and other regulatory elements. Our results lead to the question of a role for BraSto in the regulation of gene expression: this putative role, if further confirmed experimentally, would help to obtain a new insight into the significance of MITEs in the functional plant genome.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: May 28, 2011

References

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