Brainstem nuclei changes in migraine detected by transcranial sonography

Brainstem nuclei changes in migraine detected by transcranial sonography The aim of this study was to estimate the role of transcranial sonography in detecting basal ganglia changes as structural biomarkers in migraine. Transcranial sonography was performed on Aloka prosound α-10. Semiquantitative and planimetric methods were applied when basal ganglia changes were detected. Comparison between groups was performed by unpaired Student’s t test and Spearman’s correlation test. We analyzed 30 migraine patients and 30 age-/sex-matched controls. Substantia nigra hyperechogenicity was detected in 36.7% migraineurs and in 13.3% controls (t test, p = 0.036888). Hyperechogenic substantia nigra was found in 70% aura patients and in 20% patients without aura (p = 0.007384). Mean substantia nigra echogenic size of all migraine patients was 0.16 ± 0.07 and 0.12 ± 0.043 cm2 in controls (t test, p = 0.0011). Lentiform nucleus hyperechogenicity was seen in 50% migraine patients and 13.3% controls (t test, p = 0.002267). Mean lentiform nucleus echogenic size of all migrenous patients was 0.34 ± 0.08 cm2 and in controls 0.20 ± 0.008 cm2 (t test, p = 0.0021). Caudate nucleus hyperechogenicity was found in 26.7% migraine patients and in 6.6% controls (t test, p = 0.037667). Mean frontal horn width in migraine patients was 8.73 ± 1.76 mm and in controls 7.10 ± 1.71 (t test, p = 0.0006). Substantia nigra hyperechogenicity correlated with disease duration (rho = −0.35521, p = 0.05467) and third ventricle width (rho = −0.68221, p = 0.02976). No other differences between migraineurs and controls were found. Our study has revealed differences in transcranial findings between migraineurs and controls, but overall significance of those findings are still to be evaluated. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Neurological Sciences Springer Journals

Brainstem nuclei changes in migraine detected by transcranial sonography

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/brainstem-nuclei-changes-in-migraine-detected-by-transcranial-re6rsP5KWj
Publisher
Springer Milan
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag Italia
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Neurology; Neuroradiology; Neurosurgery; Psychiatry
ISSN
1590-1874
eISSN
1590-3478
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10072-017-2998-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The aim of this study was to estimate the role of transcranial sonography in detecting basal ganglia changes as structural biomarkers in migraine. Transcranial sonography was performed on Aloka prosound α-10. Semiquantitative and planimetric methods were applied when basal ganglia changes were detected. Comparison between groups was performed by unpaired Student’s t test and Spearman’s correlation test. We analyzed 30 migraine patients and 30 age-/sex-matched controls. Substantia nigra hyperechogenicity was detected in 36.7% migraineurs and in 13.3% controls (t test, p = 0.036888). Hyperechogenic substantia nigra was found in 70% aura patients and in 20% patients without aura (p = 0.007384). Mean substantia nigra echogenic size of all migraine patients was 0.16 ± 0.07 and 0.12 ± 0.043 cm2 in controls (t test, p = 0.0011). Lentiform nucleus hyperechogenicity was seen in 50% migraine patients and 13.3% controls (t test, p = 0.002267). Mean lentiform nucleus echogenic size of all migrenous patients was 0.34 ± 0.08 cm2 and in controls 0.20 ± 0.008 cm2 (t test, p = 0.0021). Caudate nucleus hyperechogenicity was found in 26.7% migraine patients and in 6.6% controls (t test, p = 0.037667). Mean frontal horn width in migraine patients was 8.73 ± 1.76 mm and in controls 7.10 ± 1.71 (t test, p = 0.0006). Substantia nigra hyperechogenicity correlated with disease duration (rho = −0.35521, p = 0.05467) and third ventricle width (rho = −0.68221, p = 0.02976). No other differences between migraineurs and controls were found. Our study has revealed differences in transcranial findings between migraineurs and controls, but overall significance of those findings are still to be evaluated.

Journal

Neurological SciencesSpringer Journals

Published: May 23, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off