Boundary layer structure of oscillatory open-channel shallow flows over smooth and rough beds

Boundary layer structure of oscillatory open-channel shallow flows over smooth and rough beds The boundary layer structure of oscillatory shallow open channel flows has been studied in a wide flume. Fluorescence solution was released at a porous rough bed through a diffuser covered by gravel of 0.5 cm grain size. A planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) system was used to visualise the dye plumes in both vertical and horizontal planes for a qualitative understanding of the roles of large-scale flow structures in mass transport. A variety of tests were conducted for a range of oscillatory periods (30–240 s), water depths (3–16 cm) and velocity amplitudes (0.027–0.325 m/s), which cover a wide range of oscillatory flows with Reynolds numbers Re a varied from 0.3 × 104 (laminar) to 2.1 × 106 (fully turbulent). For quantitative investigation, a novel technique, namely combined laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) and 2D laser Doppler velocimetry (LDV) (LIF/LDV), was developed and used to measure the velocity and solute concentration simultaneously in a vertical plane over 50 cycles. From the dye plumes revealed by the PLIF in transitional flows, there are different patterns of flow structure and solute transport with three representative stages of acceleration, deceleration and flow reversal. In the acceleration stage, turbulence was suppressed with dye layers adhering to the surface with little vertical mass transport. In the deceleration stage, flame-like turbulent structures occurred when turbulence generation was prominent. This was investigated quantitatively by recording the percentage occurrence of the adhered smooth layers per cycle. For those smooth bed cases with Re a  < 1.8 × 105, the adhered smooth dye layers type of boundary layer occupied 100% of the oscillation period. Over a sufficiently high Re a , a rough bed can generate fully turbulent oscillatory flows without the appearance of adhering dye layers. Between these two extremes, a transitional flow regime occurs in a wide range of flow conditions: Re a  > 2.7 × 104 over the rough bed and Re a  > 8.3 × 106 over a smooth bed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Boundary layer structure of oscillatory open-channel shallow flows over smooth and rough beds

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/boundary-layer-structure-of-oscillatory-open-channel-shallow-flows-2wd4J9MVrR
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00348-007-0280-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial