Botox: an 'elixir of youth'?

Botox: an 'elixir of youth'? Eur J Plast Surg (2003) 26:273–274 DOI 10.1007/s00238-003-0528-3 LETTER T O THE EDIT OR Gurminder Singh · Martin B. H. Kelly Received: 10 March 2003 / Accepted: 6 May 2003 / Published online: 17 June 2003 © Springer-Verlag 2003 Botox is a purified crystalline form of exotoxin type A The physiological adversities of botox have been ex- produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. Its tensively reviewed [4]. Local complications such as mechanism of action is to inhibit the release of acetyl- pain, oedema, ecchymosis, and short-term hyperaesthe- choline at the neuromuscular junction, with a dose- sia may be related to the injection site. Immunological related response that is maximal 5–7 days after injection complications such as acute type I reactions have been [7]. Temporary muscle fibre atrophy and demyelinative reported, and systemic reactions include nausea, malaise, changes at the nerve terminal occur. However, axonal re- and distant rashes. Dose-related complications include sprouting gradually reverses the paralysis, so that normal the unwanted loss of facial expression (‘mask-like’ faces) function returns within 3–6 months, and the drug has no and incomplete muscle paralysis, leaving residual reported long-lasting effects. However, this may not be rhytides. Rarely, dissemination of the drug into the http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Journal of Plastic Surgery Springer Journals

Botox: an 'elixir of youth'?

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Medicine
ISSN
0930-343X
eISSN
1435-0130
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00238-003-0528-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Eur J Plast Surg (2003) 26:273–274 DOI 10.1007/s00238-003-0528-3 LETTER T O THE EDIT OR Gurminder Singh · Martin B. H. Kelly Received: 10 March 2003 / Accepted: 6 May 2003 / Published online: 17 June 2003 © Springer-Verlag 2003 Botox is a purified crystalline form of exotoxin type A The physiological adversities of botox have been ex- produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. Its tensively reviewed [4]. Local complications such as mechanism of action is to inhibit the release of acetyl- pain, oedema, ecchymosis, and short-term hyperaesthe- choline at the neuromuscular junction, with a dose- sia may be related to the injection site. Immunological related response that is maximal 5–7 days after injection complications such as acute type I reactions have been [7]. Temporary muscle fibre atrophy and demyelinative reported, and systemic reactions include nausea, malaise, changes at the nerve terminal occur. However, axonal re- and distant rashes. Dose-related complications include sprouting gradually reverses the paralysis, so that normal the unwanted loss of facial expression (‘mask-like’ faces) function returns within 3–6 months, and the drug has no and incomplete muscle paralysis, leaving residual reported long-lasting effects. However, this may not be rhytides. Rarely, dissemination of the drug into the

Journal

European Journal of Plastic SurgerySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 1, 2003

References

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