Borovichskii kombinat ogneuporov (Borovichi Combine of Refractories)

Borovichskii kombinat ogneuporov (Borovichi Combine of Refractories) Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 78, No. 7, 2005, p. 1208. Translated from Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, Vol. 78, No. 7, 2005, pp. 1229. Original Russian Text Copyright 2005 by Morachevskii, Beloglazov. BOOK REVIEWS Borovichskii kombinat ogneuporov (Borovichi Combine of Refractories) Mozhzharin, V.A., Ed., Moscow: Ruda i Metally, 2005, 136 pp. The book, whose publication was timed with the The joint-stock company organized by him later, in approaching 150th foundation anniversary of the 1897, became monopolist in Russia’s market of re- enterprise, briefly describes the historical events asso- fractories. In 1919, all Borovichi plants and mines ciated with the revival of the refractory trade in Rus- were nationalized. sia, development of the refractory industry in Borovi- The second part of the book (pp. 37 100) contains chi, Novgorod oblast, and present-day state of affairs comprehensive evidence concerning the operation of at Borovichi Combine of Refractories. Borovichi Combine of Refractories under the present- day conditions. Since 1992, it has been a joint-stock The book comprises an introduction and three company. The main consumers of its production are parts. The brief introduction (pp. 3 6) gives a general the largest plants of domestic ferrous metallurgy, notion of various aspects of the activities of the Boro- Cherepovets, Novolipetsk, and Magnitogorsk com- vichi Combine of Refractories, Open Joint-Stock bines, and other metallurgical and metal-working Company and on solution of production-related and plants and enterprises of nonferrous metallurgy. social problems. The first park of the book (pp. 7 36) is devoted to the history of manufacture of refractories The third part of the book (pp. 101 132) is a cata- in Borovichi. The availability of high-quality refrac- logue of the products manufactured by the combine: tory clays had long been known, but serious attention a wide variety of aluminosilicate refractories, from to this fact was given only in mid-XIX century. After fireclay to high-alumina types. In each type of alumi- the railway between Moscow and St. Petersburg, pas- nosilicate refractories, manufacture of varied-purpose sing at a distance of 30 km from Borovichi, was put articles has been mastered. Quite a number of articles in operation in 1851, it became possible to ship raw of other kinds are produced. materials to large plants in St. Petersburg. The manu- The book provides a comprehensive idea of the facture of refractories directly in Borovichi, set in creation history and modern state of the first Russia’s 1855, is associated with the activities in Russia of industrial plant for manufacture of refractories and Emmanuel Nobel (1801 1872) and sons. The produc- about its functioning in the conditions of market tion volume was approximately up to 100 hundred economy. The book is very well published and it con- thousand refractory bricks per year. In view of the tains a large number of photographs. It may be of use comparatively moderate demand for refractories, the for teachers and students of the corresponding special- plant was cost-inefficient and existed for only several ties of higher-school and post-secondary educational years. institutions and to consumers of various kinds of In 1880, a plant for manufacture of refractory refractories. bricks and other articles was constructed near Boro- vichi by K.L. Vakhter, a St. Petersburg businessman. A. G. Morachevskii and I. N. Beloglazov 1070-4272/05/7807-1208 2005 Pleiades Publishing, Inc. Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry Springer Journals

Borovichskii kombinat ogneuporov (Borovichi Combine of Refractories)

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Copyright © 2005 by MAIK "Nauka/Interperiodica"
Chemistry; Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering; Chemistry/Food Science, general
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