Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 74, No. 8, 2001, p. 1427. Translated from Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, Vol. 74, No. 8, 2001, p. 1387. Original Russian Text Copyright C 2001 by Beloglazov, Morachevskii. ˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝ BOOK REVIEWS ˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝ Stiller, W., Uravnenie Arreniusa i neravnovesnaya kinetika (Arhenius Equation and Nonequilibrium Kinetics), Translation from English, Moscow: Mir, 2000, 176 pp. The book is written by a known German physicist attention is given to gas-phase reacting systems. Ion- and published in English in connection with the cen- molecular and radical-molecular reactions are con- tennial jubilee of the Arrhenius equation, celebrated sidered. Problems encountered in applying the Arrhe- in 1989. In addition to presenting the history of the nius equation to modeling of complex reactions are discussed, methods for calculating the parameters ap- equation, the book contains a brief, but informative pearing in the Arrhenius equation are presented, and treatise of the modern state of the theoretical founda- possible cases of deviation from this law are analyzed. tions of nonequilibrium kinetics. The third chapter (pp. 44 369) considers specific The author considers theoretically and practically features of equilibrium gas-phase kinetics for the case important problems associated with intensively devel- of moderately rarefied gases with uniform tempera- oping fields of chemistry, physics, physical chemistry, ture. The fourth chapter (pp. 70378) discusses nonequi- and chemical technology. Much attention is paid in the librium gas-phase systems with reactants having dif- monograph to correct use of concepts and quantities in ferent temperatures (two-temperature Arrhenius equa- considering theoretical and practical problems. tion). The fifth (pp. 79392) and sixth (pp. 933111) In 1889, Svante August Arrhenius (185931927), an chapters present a mathematical description of the non- outstanding physical chemist and, later, a Nobel Prize equilibrium kinetics of chemically reacting gas-phase winner (1903), published a paper [On Rates of Inver- systems. In the seventh chapter (pp. 1123137), the meth- sion Reaction in Cane-Sugar under the Action of Ac- ods of nonequilibrium kinetics are applied to systems ids] (Z. Phys. Chem., 1889, vol. 4, pp. 2263248) with nonthermally activated reactions (plasmochem- containing an expression for the reaction rate constant. istry, radiation chemistry, chemistry of [hot atoms]). This expression became widely known as the Arrhe- The final, eighth chapter (pp. 1383147) is named nius equation. At that time Arrhenius worked as as- [Prospects of the Arrhenius equation.] The author sistant of W. Ostwald (185331932) at the physico- discusses the possible future applications of the Arrhe- chemical laboratory of Leipzig University. nius equation and its modifications in various fields In a brief foreword, the translation editor (L.S. Po- of physical chemistry, physics, and biology. In the af- lak) and translator (A.V. Khachoyan) noted that by terword to the Russian translation (pp. 1483161), the now the application domain of the famous equation editor and translator supplement some concepts of the has expanded considerably. The notion [Arrhenius monograph, in the first place those concerning open kinetics] is used in analyzing and describing a wide systems interacting with the environment and exhibit- diversity of processes: from stress relaxation in solids ing varied degree of departure from equilibrium, and to mass transfer in gas systems. give reference to the relevant literature. The book comprises eight chapters, afterword, sup- The supplement (pp. 1623166) presents evidence plement, and bibliography with 231 references to works concerning the chronology of Arrhenius’s life and of virtually only foreign authors. The first chapter activities and a list of his basic works. (pp. 9324) is a historical essay covering three periods In a foreword, the editor and translator, justly note of the development of chemical kinetics: prior to that the book is written in a concise, nearly sketchy Arrhenius’s works (before 1889), the time when his manner and is intended for a trained reader. At the basic works were published (188931900), and the later same time, regarding the nature of the problems dis- time (before 1950). The author gives a brief charac- cussed, the monograph may be of interest for a wide terization of the main directions of physicochemical audience of scientists, high-school teachers, and post- kinetics in the first half of the XX century. graduate students specialized in chemistry and physics. The second chapter (pp. 25343) is concerned with the present state of the Arrhenius kinetics. Primary I. N. Beloglazov and A. G. Morachevskii 1070-4272/01/7408-1427 $25.00 C 2001 MAIK [Nauka/Interperiodica]
Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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