Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 74, No. 8, 2001, p. 1426. Translated from Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, Vol. 74, No. 8, 2001, p. 1386. Original Russian Text Copyright C 2001 by Morachevskii. ˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝ BOOK REVIEWS ˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝ Aleksandrovskii, S.V., Dong Von Li, and Gopienko, V.G., Novye protsessy polucheniya tugoplavkikh soedinenii titana (New Processes for Producing High-Melting Titanium Compounds), Moscow: Ruda i Metally Publ. House, 2001, 128 pp. High-melting titanium compounds-carbides, ni- compounds by various new methods. In this group are trides, and carbonitrides find wide use in diverse placed plasmochemical synthesis of titanium carbide, fields of new technology. All the three classes of synthesis of high-melting compounds in vapor phase, compounds are characterized by high melting points, and self-propagating high-temperature synthesis. How- hardness, and wear resistance, and serve as a basis ever, particular attention is given by the authors to for manufacture of alloys and formulations with a synthesis of high-melting titanium compounds with required set of properties. In a small monograph by the use of technologies, apparatus, and half-products Aleksandrovskii and co-authors, the existing and of titanium-magnesium production. Manufacture of prospective ways to obtain high-melting compounds a wide assortment of various kinds of high-melting belonging to the systems Ti3C, Ti3N, and Ti3C3N are titanium compounds with relatively low production considered. cost can be set up on the basis of a titanium-magne- sium combine. The technological process can be The book comprises a brief introduction, three based on thermal reduction with magnesium of titani- chapters, and bibliography containing 101 references um and carbon chlorides on standard equipment used to works of domestic and foreign authors. The intro- in production of titanium sponge. duction (pp. 335) mainly presents the fields of appli- cation of high-melting titanium compounds. The first The monograph has clearly pronounced technolog- chapter (pp. 6325) describes the properties of the ical orientation. Thermodynamic calculations would compounds under consideration-phase diagrams of become more thorough with the use of data presented the systems Ti3C, Ti3N, and Ti3C3N, wettability of in a monograph by A.G. Turchanin and M.A. Turcha- the carbides and nitrides by various metals, and other nin [Termodinamika tugoplavkikh karbidov i karbo- physicochemical properties are discussed. The second nitridov (Thermodynamics of Carbides and Carbo- chapter (pp. 26334) considers the most important nitrides), Moscow: Metallurgiya, 1991]. methods for obtaining high-melting titanium com- The book is well published and contains extensive pounds. To these belong direct synthesis of titanium reference material. Unfortunately, insufficient atten- compounds from components, reduction of titanium tion was given in editing the book to unity of termi- dioxide by carbon, reaction of titanium tetrachloride nology and measurement units. with ammonia to give titanium nitrides, reduction of titanium dioxide by various reducing agents in atmo- Judging from the manner of presentation, the mono- sphere of nitrogen, and synthesis of carbonitrides by graph by S.V. Aleksandrovskii and co-workers can be nitration of a mixture of titanium dioxide with carbon. used by wide audience of specialists interested in prob- The third chapter, occupying the central place in lems of inorganic materials science. the monograph (pp. 343118), is concerned with in- vestigations of ways to obtain high-melting titanium A. G. Morachevskii 1070-4272/01/7408-1426 $25.00 C 2001 MAIK [Nauka/Interperiodica]
Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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