Book Review

Book Review Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries (2005) 15: 163  Springer 2005 DOI 10.1007/s11160-005-7203-7 K.M. Leber, S. Kitada, H.L. Blankenship and salmon supplementation in Prince William Sound, T. Svasand (eds.), Stock Enhancement and Sea Alaska. The first chapter describes the cost effec- Ranching: Development, Pitfalls and Opportunities. tive success of pink salmon mitigation, with Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK, 2004. 560 pp. minimal negative impacts to the natural fishery. The opposing point of view is detailed in a chapter Stock Enhancement and Sea Ranching is an eclectic proposing that mitigation success is marginal collection of chapters focusing on artificial sup- and has been at the expense of displaced wild plementation of marine fisheries. This book individuals. addresses a broad range of species ranging from A major theme conveyed in this book is the spiny lobsters to masu salmon and many different necessity of high quality natural brood stocks. aspects of ocean stocking from technical to philo- Domestication of hatchery individuals is inevitable sophical. Given the current exploited state of but can be countered with constant renewal of global ocean fisheries, coupled with the rising brood stocks with wild individuals. Incorporation demand of marine derived protein, this overview of natural mimicking conditions in the hatchery should be of interest to all those involved with environment may also reduce this domestication conservation and management of marine fisheries. effect and increase survival when the individuals The book is organized into 11 sections con- are released into the wild. There is a risk that taining a total of 40 chapters. It is the document hatchery individuals will breed with wild individ- resulting from the 2nd International Symposium uals, degrading the genetic diversity of wild on Stock Enhancement and Sea Ranching in populations. Ultimately, hatchery introgression Kobe, Japan in 2002. Many chapters are organized can threaten the wild sources that hatcheries like scientific journal articles specific to situations depend on for brood stocks. Several chapters in and species. Other chapters are review articles, this book focus on the influence of hatchery some of which tie together science with socio- released fish on wild populations. economic concerns. This book is an excellent overview of the A philosophical dichotomy exists regarding the current state of artificial supplementation of application of artificial propagation and stocking marine fisheries and outlines current debates for efforts to concerned fisheries. One belief is that fish responsible use of this technology. culture technology should be used as a first resort to solve problems with marine fisheries. The SCOTT A. PAVEY conservative point of view believes in a detailed USGS Alaska Science Center risk/benefit analysis before the start of any pro- Biological Science Office gram, followed by pilot studies and constant 1011 E. Tudor Rd, evaluation of the program’s genetic and ecological Anchorage, AK, 99503, USA effectiveness. This dichotomy is illustrated in two E-mail: chapters assessing the largest single marine enhancement program in North America, pink Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries Springer Journals
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Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright © 2005 by Springer
Life Sciences; Freshwater & Marine Ecology; Zoology
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