Blue or Red? Why Do Categories Attract?
Published online: 6 January 2017
Ó Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017
Abstract A group of Roma and non-Roma participants worked on the topic of
ethnicity and its inﬂuence on individuals’ lives, using the Theatre of the Oppressed
method. The group process was analyzed by means of ethnographic research and
was perceived by the researchers as a process of formulating the research question.
Interaction between the audience and the actors was recorded and analyzed using
qualitative methods and was perceived as answering this research question. The
article presents a debate about the inﬂuence of ethnicity on individuals’ lives and
how the difﬁculties it causes in society can be overcome.
Keywords Roma Á Ethnicity Á Theatre of the Oppressed
Ethnicity is a very speciﬁc category in the social sciences. Almost all theories agree
that it is an important part of identity, but vary when it comes to how important this
category is compared with other categories like gender, sexual orientation, religion,
social class and others (Eriksen 2001). Some theories perceive ethnicity as the most
crucial aspect and base their research on this understanding (Hofstede 2002;
Trompenaars 1989) while others take an approach based on multiple identities and
intersectionality, perceiving ethnicity as just one of many key categories (Anthias
This publication was supported by the The Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports—Institutional
Support for Longterm Development of Research Organizations—Charles University, Faculty of
Humanities (Charles Univ, Fac Human 201X).
& Dana Moree
Faculty of Humanities, Charles University of Prague, Prague, Czech Republic
Urban Rev (2017) 49:498–509