Blowfly puparia in a hermetic container: survival under decreasing oxygen conditions

Blowfly puparia in a hermetic container: survival under decreasing oxygen conditions Despite widely accepted standards for sampling and preservation of insect evidence, unrepresentative samples or improperly preserved evidence are encountered frequently in forensic investigations. Here, we report the results of laboratory studies on the survival of Lucilia sericata and Calliphora vomitoria (Diptera: Calliphoridae) intra-puparial forms in hermetic containers, which were stimulated by a recent case. It is demonstrated that the survival of blowfly intra-puparial forms inside airtight containers is dependent on container volume, number of puparia inside, and their age. The survival in both species was found to increase with an increase in the volume of air per 1 mg of puparium per day of development in a hermetic container. Below 0.05 ml of air, no insect survived, and above 0.2 ml of air per 1 mg of puparium per day, survival reached its maximum. These results suggest that blowflies reveal a single, general pattern of survival under decreasing oxygen conditions and that this pattern is a product of number of developing insects, their age and the initial amount of available air. Implications for forensic entomology are discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png "Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology" Springer Journals

Blowfly puparia in a hermetic container: survival under decreasing oxygen conditions

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by The Author(s)
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Pathology; Forensic Medicine; Criminology and Criminal Justice, general
ISSN
1547-769X
eISSN
1556-2891
D.O.I.
10.1007/s12024-017-9892-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Despite widely accepted standards for sampling and preservation of insect evidence, unrepresentative samples or improperly preserved evidence are encountered frequently in forensic investigations. Here, we report the results of laboratory studies on the survival of Lucilia sericata and Calliphora vomitoria (Diptera: Calliphoridae) intra-puparial forms in hermetic containers, which were stimulated by a recent case. It is demonstrated that the survival of blowfly intra-puparial forms inside airtight containers is dependent on container volume, number of puparia inside, and their age. The survival in both species was found to increase with an increase in the volume of air per 1 mg of puparium per day of development in a hermetic container. Below 0.05 ml of air, no insect survived, and above 0.2 ml of air per 1 mg of puparium per day, survival reached its maximum. These results suggest that blowflies reveal a single, general pattern of survival under decreasing oxygen conditions and that this pattern is a product of number of developing insects, their age and the initial amount of available air. Implications for forensic entomology are discussed.

Journal

"Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology"Springer Journals

Published: Jul 1, 2017

References

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