Bitumen upgrading under solvothermal/hydrothermal conditions

Bitumen upgrading under solvothermal/hydrothermal conditions Bitumen is known as a mixture of organic liquids which has great importance to the chemical industry because of its great variety of special properties, which has favored the development of a wide field of applications. Bitumen has been mainly obtained as a residue of the petroleum refining process. Recently, the development of a process has been proposed to recover chemical resources from bitumen that can accomplish the destruction of the bitumen to produce harmless but useful compounds. Water at hydrothermal conditions is considered a promising and an environmentally acceptable solvent for a wide variety of chemical reactions such as organic syntheses and decomposition of hazardous waste into harmless compounds. In these works, water at supercritical conditions was applied as a solvent for upgrading of bitumen. The experiments were conducted at a temperature of 673 K and at various reaction pressures. The effect of pressure and reaction time on the decomposition process is presented. The chemical species in the aqueous products were analyzed by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectroscopy. Ultimate analysis of solid residue was also conducted using a CHN analyzer. The results showed that the amounts of bitumen-derived compounds formed increased with increasing reaction time. In addition, the study of bitumen model compounds by using a batch reactor was also conducted. Furthermore, this method could become an efficient method for upgrading bitumen into harmless compounds with a high yield of valuable chemical intermediates on the basis of the experimental results. Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

Bitumen upgrading under solvothermal/hydrothermal conditions

Loading next page...
Springer Netherlands
Copyright © 2011 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry ; Catalysis; Physical Chemistry
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial