Poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates) (PHAs) are the bioplastics that are stored in many genera of bacteria as carbon and energy storage polyester granules. PHAs have established themselves as strong competitors to conventional plastics. This study reports the isolation of PHA-accumulating bacteria from local environment and their PHA characterization. Two potential strains identified as Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain IFS (Accession no. JQ041638) and P. aeruginosa strain 30N (Accession no. JQ041639) based on 16S rRNA gene sequence identity were cultivated under nitrogen limited conditions to study their PHA biosynthesis capabilities. The strain IFS and strain 30N produced 1.36 and 1.40 gl−1 dry biomass with percentage PHA contents of 44.85 and 45.74%, respectively, when grown on glucose as carbon source. The PHA was identified as poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC–MS). The PHA synthase genes of these strains were isolated, sequenced and analyzed using bioinformatic tools that showed they belonging to type 2 PHA synthases and presented their evolutionary relationships with PHA synthases of other Pseudomonas species. The experimental results of this study highlight the importance of these strains for future use of bacterial biopolymer production growing on simple and inexpensive carbon sugars.
International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 17, 2017
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