Biolytic Effect of Rhamnolipid Biosurfactant and Dodecyl Sulfate Against Phagotrophic Alga Ochromonas danica

Biolytic Effect of Rhamnolipid Biosurfactant and Dodecyl Sulfate Against Phagotrophic Alga... Surfactants can affect biological activities and pose serious threats to the aquatic ecosystem if discharged without proper treatment. Rhamnolipid is a biosurfactant with promising agricultural, industrial and biomedical applications. It is important to assess the risks posed by rhamnolipid before it is adopted for large scale use. In this study, toxicity of rhamnolipid was estimated with the effects of motility loss, membrane permeability, and cell lysis using a phagotrophic alga Ochromonas danica. O. danica is a sensitive algal species without a protective cell wall and it represents a group of phagotrophic flagellates ecologically important in the aquatic ecosystem. A common synthetic surfactant, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), was used for comparison. Results suggested that rhamnolipid is significantly less biolytic than SDS and the effects required longer exposure. Lysis of O. danica cells by rhamnolipid was serious only at concentrations over its critical micelle concentration. Motility loss was, however, significantly more sensitive; about 75% loss after 20 min exposure to 50 mg/L rhamnolipid. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Surfactants and Detergents Springer Journals

Biolytic Effect of Rhamnolipid Biosurfactant and Dodecyl Sulfate Against Phagotrophic Alga Ochromonas danica

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by AOCS
Subject
Chemistry; Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering; Waste Water Technology / Water Pollution Control / Water Management / Aquatic Pollution; Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films; Polymer Sciences; Physical Chemistry
ISSN
1097-3958
eISSN
1558-9293
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11743-017-2005-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Surfactants can affect biological activities and pose serious threats to the aquatic ecosystem if discharged without proper treatment. Rhamnolipid is a biosurfactant with promising agricultural, industrial and biomedical applications. It is important to assess the risks posed by rhamnolipid before it is adopted for large scale use. In this study, toxicity of rhamnolipid was estimated with the effects of motility loss, membrane permeability, and cell lysis using a phagotrophic alga Ochromonas danica. O. danica is a sensitive algal species without a protective cell wall and it represents a group of phagotrophic flagellates ecologically important in the aquatic ecosystem. A common synthetic surfactant, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), was used for comparison. Results suggested that rhamnolipid is significantly less biolytic than SDS and the effects required longer exposure. Lysis of O. danica cells by rhamnolipid was serious only at concentrations over its critical micelle concentration. Motility loss was, however, significantly more sensitive; about 75% loss after 20 min exposure to 50 mg/L rhamnolipid.

Journal

Journal of Surfactants and DetergentsSpringer Journals

Published: Jul 25, 2017

References

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