Biology of Farmed Fish (Shefﬁeld Biological between the cultural and economic imperatives driving Sciences, 1). Edited by K. D. Black and A. D. Pick- aquaculture in NW Europe and North America and the ering. Shefﬁeld Academic Press Ltd, Shefﬁeld, 1998. simple necessity to produce food in much of the rest ISBN 1-85075-877-8, £89.00. Cloth cover, acid-free of the world, the ﬁnal chapter concerns itself with the paper, pp. xiv + 415, 19 tables, 51 ﬁgures. Published in culture of warm-water species. From a list of over 100 the USA and Canada by CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, species of ﬁsh recorded by FAO as having a production FL (ISBN 0-8493-9731-6). of more than 100 tonnes in 1995, some 40 might be regarded as requiring warm water. It is highly likely that, because of the imperatives The book is extremely well presented, and repe- tition is minimized and comprehension aided by for improvements in ﬁsh farming, our understanding cross referencing between chapters. It does, however, of ﬁsh biology has progressed more in the last two decades than during any similar period. Successful assume a relatively advanced knowledge of each ﬁsh production is essentially about manipulation of subject area and a good grasp of the English language, the environment, and of the ﬁshes’ response to this, and I concur with the editors that the target audience in order to affordably maximize survival and growth; is researchers, postgraduate students and professionals Biology of Farmed Fish will be of interest to anyone working on any aspect of ﬁsh biology or aquaculture concerned with the reproduction, growth, health or (although not the rearing systems). There are relat- genetics of ﬁsh, and their responses to and interactions ively few ﬁgures and illustrations, which complement with the environment. Although the authors in this and enhance the text, and a number of tables which book are mainly UK-based, they are recognized inter- summarize information on the topics discussed. Each national experts in their ﬁelds and their contributions chapter has a substantial list of references, the vast are essentially global. majority of which are to be found in publications Each of the 12 chapters presents a succinct account which should be readily available. of the principles of its subject area – both in general In conclusion, Biology of Farmed Fish lives up to terms and in relation to the particular requirements and its claim to be a landmark volume presenting a generic implications for ﬁsh culture – and provides speciﬁc account of the biology underlying ﬁsh culture, and it examples to illustrate the points made. The ﬁrst certainly provides a convenient point of access to the four chapters describe the biology of ﬁsh produc- primary literature and earlier reviews. tion, from reproduction through development and Mike Pawson rearing, commenting particularly on the physiolo- CEFAS, Lowestoft, United Kingdom gical, nutritional and environmental aspects and the constraints and problems involved. The next three chapters deal with threats to successful cultivation: parasites, the response of the immune system to The Fishery Potential and Productivity of the diseases and stressors, and the effects of stress on Pelagic Zone of Lake Malawi / Niassa. Edited by all the foregoing. Readers are referred elsewhere for Andrew Menz. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, detailed information on ﬁsh diseases. Two chapters UK, 1995. ISBN 0-85954-432-X, £00.00. Soft cover, then cover the behavioural and physiological interac- pp. x + 386, 95 tables, 187 ﬁgures, 5 plates. tions between ﬁsh and culture conditions, in terms of both the requirements for successful rearing and the This volume is essentially the ﬁnal report of a environmental impact of aquaculture itself. Chapters research project investigating the pelagic ecosystem 10 and 11 describe the role that selection and genetic of Lake Malawi. It represents one of the most thor- manipulation can play in promoting aquaculture and ough multidisciplinary studies of the open waters of modifying its impact on the environment, and the a large tropical lake to date. It contains a wealth potential application of molecular markers to eval- of useful information, most of it clearly presented, uating and improving performance. Although much although with the large amount of fairly raw tables information presented in this book is relevant to all and ﬁgures that one would expect in a project report. teleosts (there is not a single mention of any elas- The book is presented as 13 chapters, many of which mobranch species), the greatest part of the research have subsequently appeared in modiﬁed form in the referred to has been carried out in temperate waters. refereed literature. There is a preface a list of contents, As a balance, and possibly to provide a contrast but no index. The ﬁrst ﬁve chapters, comprising 40%
Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 30, 2004
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